An article on dating the Mahabharata war based on the astro details given in Mahabharata is given below. Great work has been done by persons like Dr Narahari Achar and others. However I am worried about the correctness of the astro data they have taken as the basis from the Mahabharata.
The following are the important references to planets found in Udyoga and Bhishmaparva
(i) conjunction of sani (Saturn) with Rohini (Adebaran)
(ii) retrograde motion of anga_raka (Mars) just before reaching jyeshta (Anteares)
(iii) a lunar eclipse on the ka_rtika porn.ima, followed by
(iv) a solar eclipse at jyesht.ha.
Of these 4, I am afraid that the first two are not correctly understood. The different references to them in Mahabharata can be understood from Jyothisha only.
Of the first two, the second one stands dismissed on a very basic astrological rule that Mars can not go retrograde in a sign where Sun is in transit. The solar eclipse is said to have happened with Sun in Jyeshta, in the solar month of Scorpio (Karthigai). The outer planets namely Mars, Jupiter and Saturn can not regress in close proximity of the Sun. The retrogression of these planets begins when they transit in the 5th to 9th signs from the Sun.
The location of and aspect by Mars is mentioned at two places.
“Mars has performed a retrograde turn at Antares, oh, madhusudana, and appears
to be begging Anuradha’s friendship, as if to pacify it.”
MB(VI. 3. 13)
“The mahagraha appears to bring about an awful destruction in both armies. Mars is retrograde in magha and Jupiter in Shravana”
A combined reading of these two verses shows that Mars was in the constellation of Ashwini and aspecting Magha (Regulus in Leo) by 4th aspect and Jyeshta by its 8th aspect. Mars goes retrograde from 228 degrees to 132 degrees to the Sun. It is said that the Sun was in Jyeshta. Jyeshta begins at 16-4 degrees in Scorpio. Assuming that the Sun had just entered Jyeshta and was at 17 degrees at the time of narration, then Mars could be retrograde only till 132 degrees from the Sun. The remaining 13 degrees in Scorpio + 4 signs for 120 degrees (till Pisces) gets 133 degrees. This point is zero degrees Aries. This is just 1 degree short of the end of retrogression of Mars.
What is needed for our analysis is that when Sun entered Jyeshta, Mars was still in retrogression. If Mars was well into Ashwini at that time, its 4th aspect (between 90 - 120 degrees) could fall on the beginning of Magha in Leo. Its 8th aspect (210-240 degrees) could fall in Scorpio covering Jyeshta. Since Mars was in retrogression, these aspects also would seem to move backwards.
It must be noted that the retrogression of Martian aspect on Magha was mentioned in the 2 parvas, one when Krishna went as messenger and another just before the satrt of the war. That means these two instances had happened within a short time gap.
Now let us look at the first information on Saturn in conjunction with Rohini.
Astrology shows that this is also not a correct understanding.
The affliction of Rohini by Saturn is by means of its 10th aspect. Like Mars and Jupiter, Saturn enjoys special aspects on 3rd and 10th house from itself in addition to 7th aspect.
From Mahabharata we come to know that it was in Purva Phalguni, afflicting Bhaga. Bhaga is the lord of Purva phalguni. From Purva Phalguni, the 10th aspect falls on Rohini.
MB(VI. 3. 14)
“The son of Surya has crossed the asterism purva-phalguni, and is vexing. Oh King, Shukra has entered purva-bhadrapada going around uttara-bhadrapada and is rising in both.”
MB(VI. 2. 32)
“Oh King, Saturn is harassing Aldeberan and the spot on the Moon has shifted from its position. Something terrible will happen.”
The harassment of Rohini is mentioned in this verse, which is about a very malefic yoga called Rohini sakata bheda. To quote Varahamihira, “When Saturn, Mars or a comet cuts the wain of Rohini, what shall I say, alas! For, the whole world will perish, being plunged in the ocean of misery." “Men with their children will suffer from hunger and weapons"
There have been instances of Saturn afflicting Rohini causing death and destruction. King Dasaratha prayed for redress by “Sani sthuthi” when it crossed Rohini during his reign.
The last time Saturn cut across Rohini, WTC was attacked. Indian Parliament was ambushed and J&K Assembly was attacked. In the previous sojourn of Saturn into Rohini saw the Workld war II. When Mars crossed Rohini at that time, atom bombs destroyed
This affliction to Rohini can also happen through the aspects of Saturn. Very recently when Saturn afflicted Rohini by 10th aspect, the Air France plane plunged into the sea. The train carrying LPG went up in flames in
In the description in Mahabharata, it is not about direct affliction by conjunction. It is the by the 10th aspect of Saturn.
Reason -1:- If it is by conjunction, then Saturn in Taurus must be in retrogression (in a sign beyond 5th and within 9th from the Sun). This is not mentioned in the epic which mentions the retrogression of Mars.
Reason -2:- Saturn is mentioned to be in Purva phalguni approaching towards Bhaga. This is clear indication of Saturn in Leo. If we assume that Saturn was in Taurus in Rohini, from Rohini it’s 3rd aspect does not reach Purva phalguni in Leo. In the same chapter it is said that Saturn afflicts Vishaka too (Those two blazing planets, viz., Vrihaspati and Sani, having approached the constellation called Visakha, have become stationary there for a whole year.). From Rohini in Taurus, Vishaka is not within any aspectual range. It falls short of the 7th aspect of Saturn. Whereas from Purva phalguni, the 3rd aspect falls on Vishaka and 10th aspect falls on Rohini. (The mention of Jupiter (vrihaspathi) is because Jupiter is the planetary lord of Vishaka.)
There is another important information in this context which only Jyothisha can explain. It is about the position of Venus.
MB(VI. 3. 14)
“Oh King, Shukra has entered purva-bhadrapada going around uttara-bhadrapada and is rising in both.”
Venus in Purva bhadrapada going towards Uttra Bhadrapada means it must be positioned in Pisces. This is also an impossible situation because Venus can not be sighted 47 degrees away from the Sun – forward or backward. Venus is an inner planet and can be seen only within 3 signs (at the most) of the sun. When Sun was in Scorpio, Venus could not be in Pisces or even Aquarius.
Let us consider another scenario of Venus behind the Sun within 47 degrees. Jyeshta begins from 16-40 degrees in Scorpio. Assuming that the sun has just entered Jyeshta, Venus could have been at the farthest at 20 minutes in the fag end of Virgo – at 29-40 degrees. From there its 7th aspect does not fall on the Bhadrapada stars, but only on Revathy.
So we must look for the clues on issues around Venus. The clue is not difficult to seek. What is mentioned is the Upa-graha of Venus, called Indrachapa.
It is a very common practice to refer to the upa-grahas of planets in both the Epics. Upa-grahas are mathematical points in the sky that can be located in two ways. There are Gulikaadhi Upagrahas which are 4 in number (Gulika, the upa-graha of Saturn, Kaala, the Upgraha of Sun, Yamakanta, the upagraha of Jupiter and Artha-praharana, the upagraha of Mercury) and are located from sunrise on the basis of the day of the week.
Another set of Upagrahas are Dhoomadhi Upa-grahas which are 5 in number. ( Dhooma - of Mars, Vyatipata - of Rahu, Parivesha - of Moon, Indrachapa - of Venus and Dhoomaketu or Upa-ketu - of Ketu). The Dhoomadhi upa-grahas are located from the location of sun in the sky. The upa-grahas are the ready- reckoner for prediction at any given moment. By looking at the location of upagrahas at any time, our elders used to tell whether that moment was auspicious or not. That is why Upa-grahas play a vital role in prediction in Horary astrology (Prasna). Veda Vyasa talks about them in his narration by which he deduced that that moment was impregnated with calamities.
It is possible to locate the upa grahas of the planets if we know the position of the sun.
We can locate the position of the upa-graha of Venus in a place which tallies with the affliction to the 2 bhadrapada stars.
The sun was in Jyeshta. It means it must have been in the last 10 degrees of Scorpio. Assuming it to be in
By deducting 12 signs from Dhooma we get the location of Vyatipada (of Rahu) in Aries.
By adding 6 signs to Vyatipada, we get the location of Parivesha (of Moon) in Libra.
By subtracting Parivesha from 12 signs, we get the location of Indrachapa, the upa-graha of Venus in Virgo. From Virgo, Indrachapa aspects the bhadrapada stars!
Here is another verse on the upa-grahas.
MB(VI. 3. 15)
“yamagraha is luminous and together with dhooma and parivesha has crossed over to jyeshta the bright asterism ruled by Indra.”
Yamagraha is the Yamakanda, the upa-graha of Jupiter which is said to have crossed dhooma and parivesha and was in Jyeshta. This corresponds well with the above location of Upa-grahas. Dhooma was in Aries. In direct opposition (7th aspect) to that was Parivesha in Libra. Yamakanda has not aligned with Parivesha (from where Dhooma aspect is felt) or Dhooma. It and was in Scorpio, in Jyeshta.
A crucial information from the location of Yamakanta is the day of week when these details were uttered by Veda Vyasa to Dhritharashtra. The Sun was in Jyeshta at the time. If Yamakanta also was in Jyeshta in the rising lagna of the Sun then it must have been a Thursday! Only on Thursdays, Yamakanta rises in the constellation / lagna of the Sun.
Then we have the most important information on aspect by the nodes.
MB(VI. 3. 11)
“The Earth is experiencing tremors intermittently and Rahu has seized the Sun. Svetagraha has transgressed chitra”
MB(V. 141. 9)
“Indeed a great danger awaits the kuru family and is indicated by the graha afflicting Spica.”
MB(V. 141. 10)
“The moon lost its luster and Rahu is approaching the Sun.”
From the above verses, it is known that Chitra (Spica) was afflicted by Ketu and Sun was afflicted by Rahu. Since it was the time of an eclipse, Rahu and Ketu must be afflicting Sun by conjunction and opposition - in Scorpio or Taurus. Which one is conjunct and which is in opposition must be made out from the aspectual information given.
When it is said that Ketu afflicts Chithra, it can not do so from Taurus. There is no 5th aspect for Ketu. But there are 3rd and 11th aspects by the nodes. So if Ketu was in Scorpio (with the sun), the 11th aspect falls on Virgo- Libra (Chithra). Rahu must be in Taurus in opposition to the Sun
Based on the above issues discussed, the location of planets as given at the time of Mahabharata must have been like this.
The combination of planets as given above fulfills the occurrence of an earthquake, fire power, destruction and death by war and death of Kings (rulers). Instead of an earthquake, there is another possibility that a meteor-hit happened somewhere on the earth at that time. Because the omens noted by Veda Vyas are of the nature of a meteor hit throwing up massive dust clouds and tremors under the ground. It is not out of place to analyse and connect the Cuniform tablet of the Sumeraians dated at 5000 years ago showing a Meteor hit. There is a proof of such a hit in Austria about 5000 years ago. The details are given here:-
"The giant landslide centred at Köfels in
…new research by Alan Bond, Managing Director of Reaction Engines Ltd and Mark Hempsell, Senior Lecturer in Astronautics at Bristol University, brings the impact theory back into play. It centres on another 19th century mystery, a Cuneiform tablet in the
It was found by Henry Layard in the remains of the library in the
- end quote-
The omens noted by our ancients constitute a separate skanda / part of Astrology. The omens are not blind beliefs. They are related to some events happened or yet to happen when such events throw up prior indications. The omens, the planetary positions etc as told by Veda Vyasa are consistent with astrological principles that they can not be dismissed as fiction.
Another note I wish to make is that the Zodiac with its division of signs is not of later origin or borrowed from the Greeks. It is a notion promoted by people who are not aware of Astrology of our land. Unfortunately, our own people are following what the westerners say, similar to how the following is there for Aryan Invasion theory.
Without the zodiac there is no astrology. The Zodiac is personified as Kala Purusha based on which the entire astrology is revolving. The signs and planets were part of Hindu astrological system. Even in Ramayana, King Dasharatha describes the planets that taunted his birth star. Planetary aspects can not have relevance if they are not conencted to rasi or sign or bhava. I am planning to do a separate write-up on this later. For the present article, it must be noted that the astro details given at the time of Mahabharatha war are cosnsitent with astrology and can not be ignored while locating the period in any software.
It is my humble opinion that locating this map is sure to give the date of Mahabharata that tally well with
’s time and the ushering in of kaliyuga. The present work (given below) does not tally with the Kaliyuga calculation. It comes later to Krishna ’s end and after Kaliyuga started. Any work must fulfill these two main criteria too. Krishna
Birth date of
worked by Dr BV Raman :- Krishna
Other related posts:-
Figure 1 shows the star map for
September 20, 3067 BCE, corresponding to Ka_rtika Porn.ima. On that day Krishn.a was in Hastinapura for the peace talks. It was also a day of Lunar eclipse. S’ani is clearly seen to be near rohin.i. Figure 2 shows the star map for October 14, 3067 BCE, corresponding to Ama_va_sya at Jyesht.ha. It was a solar eclipse day. Superposed on the star map is the path of Anga_raka which shows a retrograde loop before reaching Jyesht.ha. The retrograde motion of Mars had occurred several months earlier. These two figures clearly show that the important planetary configurations noted earlier occurred in 3067 BCE. Figure 3 shows the day of Bhi_shma’s expiry.
The important planetary configurations
The important references to planets consist of those that are common to both Udyoga and Bhishmaparvan-s and include the following
(i) conjunction of s’ani with rohin.i
(ii) retrograde motion of anga_raka just before reaching jyesht.ha
(iii) a lunar eclipse on the ka_rtika porn.ima, followed by
(iv) a solar eclipse at jyesht.ha.
These events lead to a unique year for the war. All other references in the epic are consistent with this date.
III. Simulations using Planetarium Software and the date of the war
A search is made for the years in which there is a conjunction of Saturn (s’ani) with Aldebaran (rohini) between 3500 BCE and 500 CE. As Saturn takes an average of 29.5 years to go around the sun once, the event also repeats with the same period. There are 137 such conjunctions during the interval specified above. A search is then made for those years from among these 137 dates when Mars (anga_raka) is retrograde before reaching Antares (jyesht.ha). Since the retrograde motion of Mars repeats with the same period as its synodic period, a spread of two years on either side of each of the dates was considered in the search. The search reduced the set to just seventeen: 3272 BCE, 3067 BCE, 2830 BCE, 2625 BCE, 2388 BCE, 2183 BCE, 1946 BCE, 1741 BCE, 1504 BCE, 1299 BCE, 1061 BCE, 857 BCE, 620 BCE, 415 BCE, 28 CE, 233 CE and 470 CE, when Saturn was near Aldebaran and Mars executed a retrograde motion before reaching Antares. A search is then made for those years in which there is a lunar eclipse near Pleiades (i.e., on the ka_rtika porn.ima). This reduces the set to just two, 3067 BCE and 2183 BCE. It turns out that in both of these years the lunar eclipse is followed by a solar eclipse at jyesht.ha. A sequence of ‘two eclipses within a period of 13 days’ also occurs in the two eclipse seasons. When one considers the fact that Bhi_shma passed away on the Ma_gha s’ukla asht.ami after the occurrence of winter solstice, a unique date results, for the winter solstice in January 13, 3066 BCE occurred on s’uklapan~cami where as the winter solstice in 2182 BCE occurred on krishn.acaturthi.
Thus a unique date of 3067 BCE for the date of the war emerges. The author has shown that this date is consistent with all the other astronomical references in the epic in several publications with the help of copious illustrations of star maps generated by Planetarium software. A couple of the star maps will be included as part of this essay by way of illustration.
Figure 1 shows the star map for
HISTORICITY OF MAHABHARATA WAR
In January 2001, Indian History Congress was holding its Annual
Conference at the Alipur Campus of the
the concluding session of the said Conference the Nobel Laureate
economist Dr. Amartya Sen, while addressing the delegates, said that
Ramayana and Mahabharata do not have any historical value. These two
epics are simply mythology and nothing but poets’ fancy. He also said
that neither Rama nor
them were simply mythical.
Gandhiji wrote two commentaries on Shrimadbhagavadgita, Anasaktiyoga
and Gitabodha, and in the introduction of the former work, he wrote,
“Generally Mahabharata is taken to be a historical work. But in my
opinion, it is not so. I cannot say that Ramayana and Mahabharata are
historical works. They are simply religious works. If you are still
inclined to treat them as historical works, then I should say that
they are nothing but the history of the Self (Atma). They do not
contain what happened thousands of years ago. On the contrary, they
are the reflections of what is happening today in every soul”. About
Lord Krishna, he wrote, ”Krishna of Gita is the embodiment of pure and
divine knowledge, but without having any physical existence. By this
the Avatar Krishna is not denied at all, but only it is said that He
It is not difficult to understand that all such utterances of Sen,
Gandhi and many other like minded Indians derive inspiration from the
Western interpretation of Indian history. Most of the Western scholars
firmly believe that our ancestors grossly neglected writing history
and what we claim to be our history is nothing but mythology. So M.
Winternitz in his History of Indian Literature writes, “History is one
weak spot in Indian literature. It is, in fact, non-existent. The
total lack of historical sense is so characteristic that the whole
course of Sanskrit literature is darkened by the defect”. The renowned
German scholar Max Muller, in his History of Ancient Sanskrit
Literature, writes, “No wonder that a nation like
little for history”. “With regard to history, the Hindus have done
really nothing but romances from which some truth may occasionally be
extracted”, says another Western scholar Major Wilford. These scholars
refuse to accept Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Puranas as historical
works as there are no mention of year and dates of the events
But people of this country firmly believe that Ramayana, Mahabharata
and the Puranas are their history and not simply epics or poets’
fancy. So Dr. S. Kalyanaraman, the director of the Chennai based
Saraswati River Research Centre, says that the historicity of the
events described in Ramayana and Mahabharata is validated by two
evidences: one is based on tradition and the other is based on
jyotisha, or planetary configurations and other celestial events
narrated along with mundane events described in those epics, which may
be called sky epigraphs.
So far tradition is concerned, people of this nation believe that Lord
Rama was born on the day of Ramanavami and Lord Krishna was born on
the day of Janmastami and so on. In fact, there is a long list of such
traditional beliefs such as: Bhishma died on the Bhishmastami day, on
the day of Vijaya Dashami, Lord Rama celebrated the day, with His
army, as the day of victory after killing Ravana and defeating his
army just on the previous day, on the day of Deepavali, Lord Rama
returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and the people of Ayodhya
celebrated the day and decorated their houses by lighting lamps and
the tradition is still being continued; the War of Kurukshetra began
on the day of Gita Jayanti and so on and so forth.
It is really strange that the people of
now in the state of Uttaranchal, observe every year the Duryodhana
Festival. There also exists a temple dedicated to Duryodhana where
people offer their puja and many believe that the city of
where Duryodhana tried to burn the Pandavas alive, was situated in
that locality. It is also really striking that people of this country
offer water in memory of Bhishma during shraddha ceremony. The point
to be highlighted here is that, had all these been poets’ fancy and
mythical, the traditions could not have been continued for such a long
The aspect of celestial epigraph, or planetary positions
described in these epics, particularly in Mahabharata, undoubtedly
shows that the said epics do mention the dates of events described
therein, which the Western scholars failed miserably to understand. In
Mahabharata alone there are 150 instances where worldly events are
mentioned along with the planetary positions in the sky. And, in
addition to that, other astronomical events such as occurrence of an
eclipse, or appearance of a comet, or rare events like shower of
meteorites have been mentioned. A few of such examples may be
The Udyoga Parva of Mahabharata narrates that, just before the War,
Lord Krishna, in His final peace mission, went to Hastinapur in the
month of Kartika. He set out on the day when moon was at the asterism
Revati. On His way to Hastinapur,
place called Brikasthala, and on that day the moon was at the asterism
Bharani. The day on which Duryodhana turned down each and every effort
of Lord Krishna to make peace and made the war inevitable, the moon
was resting at the asterism Pushya. And the Lord left Hastinapura with
Karna, on the day when the moon was yet to reach the asterism Uttara
Phalguni. As mentioned above, Karna accompanied Him to some distance
to see Him off and he then described to the Lord the positions of
planets in the sky and expressed his apprehension that such a
planetary configuration stood for very bad omen: such as large scale
loss of life and drenching of blood. Vyasadeva narrated all these
planetary positions in as many as sixteen verses as if someone was
describing it after visualizing them in the sky. It is also well known
that during the War, Lord Balarama went on a pilgrimage to holy places
along the banks of the River Saraswati and Mahabharata describes the
position of the moon during the entire course of pilgrimage. For
example, He set out on the day when the moon was at the asterism
Pushya and returned on the day when the moon was at the asterism
The Mahabharata also mentions the occurrence of a solar
eclipse at the asterism Jyestha and a lunar eclipse at the asterism
Krittika, just before the beginning of the War. It also mentions the
appearance of a comet at the asterism Pushya, on the 8th day of the
bright half of the month of Magha, when Bhishma died. On that day the
moon was at the asterism Rohini and it was the day of Winter Solstice.
The day on which Ghatotkacha, son of Bhima, died, the moon appeared at
the horizon at The epic also mentions the occurrence of a
very rare astronomical event that took place prior to the War: three
eclipses, two lunar and a solar, within a lunar month of 27 days.
There is also another continuing tradition in this country
that says that the beginning of the present Kali Yuga, Kurukshetra
War, death of Lord Krishna and coronation of Emperor Yudhishthira were
contemporary events. Famous astronomer Aryabhatta in his celebrated
work Aryabhatiyam had accepted the said tradition and used the word
“Bharatapurvam” in the said work very often and scholars agree that he
used the word to refer to such events that occurred before the
Mahabharata War. In 1991, Dr. D. Abhayankar and Dr. Ballabh of the
February, 3104 B.C.
and the Western scholars that the present Kali Yuga began on the
of 17th and
be said that the Mahabharata War took place nearly 5000 years ago from
Today, man has created a machine called computer which,
though most idiotic, can do mathematical calculations at an incredible
speed. According to a popular ad of a computer company, the
calculations which Johannes Kepler took ten years to complete can be
done today within minutes, using a computer. It has therefore been
possible for the scientists, with the help of this fantastic machine,
to determine the dates of ancient events with unthinkable accuracy,
using the planetary configurations given in the Mahabharata , as
inputs. They have developed so many software for this purpose and to
name a few are: (1) Planetarium, (2) Ecliptic, (3) Lode star and
the(4) Panchang Software.
In 2003, a two day seminar was held on 5th and 6th
Astronomical Data Using Planetarium Software”, and a few of the
eminent researchers who submitted papers were
(1) Dr. S. Balakrishna
(2) Dr. B. N. Narahari Achar, Department of Physics,
(3) Dr. R. N. Iyengar, Department of Civil
(4) Dr. S. Kalyanaraman,
Research Centre, Chennai and so on. These scientists agree that there
does not exist any contradiction between any two descriptions of
planetary configurations given in the Mahabharata.
Dr. S. Balakrishna has studied the eclipses, both solar and lunar,
described in the Mahabharata and tried to find out the dates of those
eclipses using the Lode Star Software. Generally 240 solar and 150
lunar eclipses occur in a century and during the period from 3300 B.C.
to 700 B.C. nearly 6000 solar and 4000 lunar eclipses took place,
though not all of them were visible from
from Kurukshetra. Out of them, 672 were eclipse pairs, or both solar
and lunar eclipses within a lunar month. Dr. Balakrishna studied the
eclipses those have been mentioned in the text of Mahabharata. In
fact, there are mentions of solar eclipses at 8 places in Mahabharata,
out of which three of them are very important. Firstly, the solar
eclipse that is mentioned in the Sabha Parva. The second solar eclipse
which is mentioned in the Udyoga Parva to which Karna tried to draw
the attention of Lord Krishna when He was returning from Hastinapur.
The third important solar eclipse has been mentioned in the Shalya
Parva, that occurred along with two lunar eclipses within a month.
Many believe that there was a total solar eclipse occurred on the 13th
day of the War, which has been allegorically mentioned as covering the
sun by Lord Krishna with His Sudarshan Chakra.
The epic Mahabharata has so many other aspects which
common people do not know. Firstly, the epic as we see it today
containing 100,000 verses was not the creation of Vedavyasa. He
composed what was then known as the Jai, containing only 8,800 verses.
Later on Rishi Vaishampayana enlarged it to contain 24,000 verses
which was then known as the Bharata. Finally Sauti, the son of the
suta (the chariot driver) Lomaharshana, gave it present form as we see
now, containing 100,000 verses.
It has been mentioned earlier that just prior to the
Mahabharata War, a very rare event of three eclipses occurring within
a lunar month took place: a lunar eclipse followed by a solar one and
then another lunar eclipse. According to the text of Mahabharata, the
solar eclipse occurred just 13 days after the first lunar eclipse. Dr.
S. Balakrishna of
eclipse followed by a solar eclipse after 13 days, that took place
from 3300 B.C. to 700 B.C., using the Lodestar pro-software. He found
that nearly 672 eclipse pairs have occurred within the said period,
out of which 27 pairs have been found to have less than 14 days time
gap. And according to Dr. Balakrishna, the eclipse pair of 2559 is the
best match with the description given in the text of Mahabharata. But
according to Dr. Kalyanaraman, the eclipses occurred in 3067 B.C.- the
lunar eclipse on 29th September at the asterism Krittika and the solar
eclipse on 14th October at the asterism Jyestha.
Researcher Dr. P. V. Holay examined 6 planetary
configurations given in the Mahabharata and concluded that the War
coworker Dr. G. S. Sampath Iyengar, using the Planetarium software
came to the conclusion that the Kurukshetra War began on 22nd day of
November, 3067 B.C. (according to the present Gregorian calendar).
Professor Dr. Narahari Achar of the University of Memphis, USA, also
arrived at the same conclusion using the said Planetarium software.
Dr. S. Kalyanaraman of the Saraswati River Research Centre, Chennai,
found the estimates of Dr. K. S. Raghavan and Dr. Narahari Achar
correct and, on that basis, calculated the dates of some other
important events of Mahabharata.
For example: Lord Krishna, on His final peace mission, set out for
asterism Revati. Lord Krishna arrived Hastinapur on
and lunar eclipse at Krittika occurred on
The solar eclipse at Jyestha occurred on
Lord Balarama set out for pilgrimage on
The War began on 22nd November, 3067 B.C.
Lord Balarama concluded His pilgrimage on
The winter solstice occurred on
Bhishma died on
The comet Mahaghora appeared at the asterism Pushya in October, 3066 B.C.
Finally, it should be mentioned that the said seminar officially
accepted that the Mahabharata War began, as mentioned above, on
November, 3067 B.C.
not in Dwapara Yuga but, in the 35th year of the present Kali Yuga. It
is not unlikely because according to the text of Mahabharata, the War
took place at the juncture of Dwapara and Kali Yuga.
Last year, (2005 A.D.), astrologer Arun Kumar Bansal, using computer
software, calculated date of birth of Lord Krishna and it was
July, 3228 B.C.
Lord Krishna was 161 years. At the first sight, it may appear to be
absurd. But it should be mentioned here that, according to Hindu
scriptures, the normal life span of human beings is 400 years in Krita
(or Satya), 300 years in Treta, 200 years in Dwapara and 100 years in
Kali Yuga. In fact, during the Kurukshetra War, most of the military
top brass of both Kauravas and Pandavas were more than 100 years old.
To conclude, it should be mentioned here that the discovery of the
ruins of the city of
Rao, under the
Krishna and the story of Mahabharata were a reality and not simply