'Portraits of a Nation- History of Ancient India'
by Kamlesh Kapur
by Dr S. Kalyanaraman.
The origin of early civilizations in the subcontinent,The rise of Agrarian communities and industrialized urban centers,The development of internal and external trade,The role played by geography in the emergence of prosperous kingdoms,The dispersal of people and the homogeneity of Indians over the past 10 millennia,The role played by the mighty rivers such as Sarasvati river and Cauvery river in supporting prosperous people,The creativity of the people all over the continent,The scientific developments and discoveries which laid down the foundations of mankind's progress down the centuries.Geographical contiguity and the continuity of Indian cultureHow the genetic evidence corroborated with archaeological evidences and internal evidence of Vedic and post Vedic literature helped construct a non mythical account of Indian history?
Orwell wisely points out, ""Who controls the present controls the past. Who controls the past controls the future."
In the last three centuries historical accounts relating to Indian history were written by people from the departments of theology, social sciences and linguists. They had to overcome difficulties arising from the following factors:
Inadequate understanding of ancient languages of India such as, Sanskrita, Mleccha, Prakrit and Pali,Dependence on the translators with inadequate understanding of the textsGaps in the narrativesEven many of the European historical accounts prior to 15th century were flawed, because these were based on erroneous ideas about the size, shape and position of the earth.19th century 'race science' and colonial anthropological theories had a negative impact on the writing of Indian history,Grasping the accounts with the help of European experience, these writers used large number of assumptions and gave us theories which are now untenable.
a. To embrace all available evidence,b. To evaluate and include all evidence resulting from the discoveries of non social scientists,c. To treat the beginnings of human civilization as a part of natural history.d. To drop inaccurate information based on assumptions, hypothesis and untenable theories,e. To drop insignificant episodes,f. To consider historical accuracy as the most important task and not political or ideological goals of those in power,g. To examine, corroborate and interpret historical data with an intellectual honesty.h. To use new technology of satellite imaging and carbon dating methods to determine the age of the artifacts and satellite imaging.