Friday, February 27, 2009

An all-Indian Indus script!

Dr S.Kalayanaraman is doing yeomen service to Bharatham and the world by bringing out the lost information on the world’s oldest civilization that thrived for many millennia in the Indian Sub-continent. His presentation yesterday in Chennai on the linguistic leads as revealed by the Sarasvati hieroglyphs turns out a new leaf in the understanding of languages in use in the 3rd millennium BC. The details can be read below.

In his own words, “A close study indicated that the ancestors of the present-day speakers of all Indian languages were living together in a linguistic area, where speakers of different dialects borrowed language features from one another and made them part of their own dialect,”

This finding makes me recall some instances from the past. One is from Valmiki Ramayana wherein Hanuman debates within himself on what language he could speak to Sita who was languishing in the Ashoka vana. Should I speak in the language of the learned persons (in Sanskrit) or speak in the language of common persons, Hanuman asked himself.

Sanskrit was the language of education and was used in discourses on intellectual stuff. This existed in written form. But the dialect spoken by people was different and it was not given a written form. We come to know from Megasthanes that transactions were done orally. There was no habit of recording or writing anything in trade. It was because people adhered to word of mouth and rarely indulged in cheating. Wherever writing was done it was done in Sanskrit. But the common dialect that people spoke was not given a written form.

This had existed till the times of onset of Jain and Buddha culture. The Jains were the forerunners in giving written form to spoken language of the commoner. In a scenario dominated by Sanskrit based Vedic religion, the Jains wanted to reach out to the common man. They could reach him easily only by speaking his language and making him read their views in the language they speak.

The earliest books written in language other than Sanskrit were by Jains. They were in Prakrith. The earliest Jain book of astrology is ‘Surya Pragnapti’ which was an adaptation of Lagadha’s Rig Jyothisha. This was in ‘Arthamagadhi Prakrith’. Lagadha’s Jyothisha was written when the sun entered Dhanishta in uttarayana. Jain’s Surya pragnapthi has the sun entering Abhijit in uttarayana!

That means this book of the Jains was written when Abhijith was still part of the sky. Abhijit is placed in between Utthradam and ThiruvONam (shravaNa). Abhijit was part of the sky until Mahabharatha times. Even if we want to discount the existence of abhijith for lack of evidence now astronomically, we can still enumerate the period of this book. This book was written when the sun entered uttarayana at a point left of Shravana star. Today the sun enters uttarayana in Moola star. The time gap can be ascertained and it is possible to find the time of Surya pragnapti from this. That time is when the spoken language of the people of most of Bharatham was given a written form.

From Prakrit, other Indian languages sprang with a written libi.

But Tamil was a case apart from all these.

When Mahabharatha war happened, Tamil was already there in written form supported by the sophistry of a well developed Grammar. A verse on the praise of the Cheran king who supplied food to the armies engaged in Mahabharatha war is found in PurananUru. Another verse is about the Pandyan king who lived in the now- submerged landmass, south of present day Kanyakumari. Tamil was referred to as “Agastheeyam” in one of Srivaishnava books (Acharya Hrudhayam) Agastheeyam is said to be a grammar work of Tamil done by sage Agasthya. This sage is also said to have given a written form to Tamil.

That means Tamil had once existed as a spoken language among the masses. There are however many Sanskrit terms in Tamil (eg daanam, thavam) as part and parcel of Tamil language itself. Unless Tamil had co-existed along with Sanskrit, this can not have happened. The aiding tool for this combination is Hindu dharma or Sanatana Dharma as it was the only dharma prevalent everywhere in those days. Since the Tamil lands were stretched far down the South and were part of a huge landmass connecting Africa and Australia, my guess is that Tamil was a spoken language in that part of the world.

Coming to the findings of Dr S.Kalyanaraman, he has pointed out an interesting similarity in the writing on metallurgy and of artisans of India in those days. The cast for making statues (utsava bhEra) recovered from Harappan sites (Saraswathy sites) are the same as what the Vishwakarmas settled near Swamimalai in Tamil nadu do today! It was because there was a single cult of Vishwakarma, a single cult of Maya followed by artisans all through the Ithihasic and Puranic times.

As such, these informations are not news to me! Without even going into research of this kind, we can say everything about the antiquity and unanimity of Bharatheeya culture just from our arm chairs with the help of Ithihasas, Puranas, Samhitas and a host of other texts given by Maharishis.



Decoding Indus Script

-- Mleccha, mlecchita vikalpa in Sarasvati hieroglyphs


Ppt slides

Lecture at Rojah Muthiah Library at 5 PM on 26 February 2009 by S. Kalyanaraman



Script is decoded as sarasvati hieroglyphs composed of all pictorial motifs -- over 100 -- and signs -- over 400 – and read rebus in mleccha vācas (as distinct from arya vācas -- Manu). The context is: miners' and smiths' repertoire (not unlike the viśwakarma working on utsava bera in Swamimalai following the cire perdue technique of Sarasvati civilization bronzes or asur/agaria working in iron ore smelters in Ganga basin of 18th century BCE).

Sarasvati hieroglyphs are in mleccha, mlecchita vikalpa (Vatsyayana). Hypothesis posited: Language X + Proto-Munda = Proto-mleccha (with borrowings in Sarasvati Linguistic Area).

Rebus readings of almost all glyphs (pictorial motifs as well as signs) relate to mine workers’ and metalsmiths’ repertoire. The writing system is a vikalpa (alternative representation) of their vernacular, mleccha, cognate: meluhha. Presented in 15 e-books at

In view of the essentially pictographic nature of the writing system, the presentation is made in three parts:

a. monograph on vernacular (deśī), the linguistic area and the continuity of proto-mleccha vernacular; structure and semantics of hieroglyphs of mlecchita vikalpa, the decoded writing system;

b. powerpoint slides with selected glyphs and readings; and

c. Epigraphica Sarasvati of about 4000 inscribed epigraphs on photo albums.

Two fundamental questions should be researched further:

1. the continuity of the civilization evidenced by cultural markers all over India and the neighbouring regions;

2. the formation and evolution of languages in a linguistic area of the Sarasvati civilization continuum in India, proved by the decoding of the Indus script (Sarasvati hieroglyphs).


Aryan-Indian ties debunked

Kumar Chellappan (Deccan Chronicle, 27 Feb. 2009)

Indians were pioneer metallurgists and the Indo-Aryan-Dravidian-Munda division among languages is false, claims a Chennai-based Indologist, insisting that Indian culture did not owe it to the Aryan invasion.

“People speaking old versions of the languages in the country were living together and had evolved words to describe advanced metallurgy,” Dr S. Kalyanaraman, chairman, Saraswathi Research Foundation, told Deccan Chronicle.

The deciphering of the 4,000-year-old writing system prevalent during the Indus civilisation proved the close link between metallurgy and the writing system, he said.

“The sub-continent had its own indigenous writing and culture. Postulations that our culture is indebted to the Aryan invasion are wrong,” he said. Dr Kalyanaraman says he has deciphered the Indus writing system through research spanning three decades.

“These scripts were found on nearly 4,000 seals and objects with the first seal excavated by archaeologist Alexander Cunningham in 1875,” he said.

The anxiety to prove the existence of the great Saraswathi Civilisation made him to take voluntary retirement from the Asian Development Bank.

“I could track the course of Saraswathi river from Manasarovar through Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and beyond. A progressive civilisation existed along the Saraswathi’s banks and it was what historians termed as the Mohenjodaro-Harappan civilisation. The course of the Saraswathi was substantiated by satellite images from ISRO,” he said.

The inscriptions from the region had pictures and pictorial writings.

“A close study indicated that the ancestors of the present-day speakers of all Indian languages were living together in a linguistic area, where speakers of different dialects borrowed language features from one another and made them part of their own dialect,” he said.

According to Dr Kalyanaraman, this decoding had proved that more than 30 per cent of agricultural words and most of metallurgical words in Indian languages did not have any links with Indo-European languages.


Unknown said...

There is no evidence that before the advent of foreigners, especially European clergy who at that time monopolised all learning in their part of the world, Indians had doubts or quarrelled about their own history or origin. The copious Hindu literature and traditions passed down from generation to generation were enough to comprehend the ancestry and history of all groups of Indians who lived at that time. Everybody, from the highest to the lowest classes, had no doubts that civilisation began in India with the advent of Saptharishis and Manu. The Non-random Thoughts is an attempt to restore that lost tradition, eliminating the pseudo-academics, which is part and parcel of the Christian survival strategy. If one removes the academic glasses fashioned by Western academicians, Indian history is simple to discern and no doubts remain about our own ancestry or heritage. Why should we disprove somebody else's erroneous thesis? It is up to them disporve ours!

Dr Jayasree Saranathan said...

Dear Mr George,
True and thanks for the understanding.

For countless Indians like me, the kind of cacophony raised by the likes of Witzels sounds ridiculous. I myself can quote a 1000 year history of my paternal lineage settled in 5 villages near Tanjore which were donated to them by a king of that place who was pleased with their Knowledge of scriptures. Prior to that, they and their ancestors were settled in Kancheepuram, one of the towns of Vedic learning centres, comparable to Taxila (Thaksha-sheela). They were all Vediks until my grand father's time who knew nothing other than the vedas, and Ithihasas (Ramayana and Mahabharata). Their daily routine consisted of reading them, doing discourses and doing homas. Theirs is a totally non- materialistic life conditioned with right food and right talks and complete adherence to principles of Dharma handed over to them generation after generation. Only from my generation, we have exposure to University education and Western world. But we still adhere to what they followed and commit ourselves to Vishnu’s feet in our daily prayers. The sankalpa mantra that our men say at the beginning of any Vedic action traces the origin in time and space, from Jhambhoo dweepa onwards to Bharata kanda. We have no doubts about our origins.

The Vedic injunction is such that if some one (the Aryan Invasion theorists) claims that their ancestors only invaded this country, set up Vedic way of life and left to the West to settle down to come up to the level of what they are now, how could they have gone against the Vedic way of life? A person of Vedic living was not entitled to cross the seas. Their life was around the theerthas (holy rivers), holy dips and adherence to scriptures. If some one says that their ancestors had come to this country to give this way of life to us, then why did they leave? If they have left, it means that they were driven out!! They had gone against Vedic life. They were outcasts. Such people were given a name by Vediks as Mlechhas.

Unknown said...

The main problem that we face in India today is we have a polity that extols and apes the western model at the expense of our own culture. It is a most ridiculous enterprise, because the dominant Indian intelligentsia, like their Christian sponsors, cannot feel good without deriding the ancient civilisation of India. It has been no deliberate mistake of ours, but the consequence of few of our defeats to the massive and asuric colonial enterprise. However times are turning around and we should take advantage of the media, especially the web, to disseminate the correct information and knowledge. As part of our strategy, we should be concentrating more on a positive than a negative approach - providing the correct information rather than trying to negate the enemy propoganda, which in my view is a defensive approach. Let that be done by western intellectuals themselves. If the enemy needs to be attacked, aim at the roots on which they stand, and not just parry their thrusts and blows. That is one reason I liked your blog. I wish you a splendid time contributing more of these.

Dr Jayasree Saranathan said...

Thanks Mr George.

۞Ghanesh said...

Its said that before the beginning of Pralaya period there will be many Mlechhas all over world. the ancient Sarasvati hieroglyph "Mlechhavikalpa" tell about this. it means people will cease to follow the original natural way of living and become immoral in all ways. This is the reality on earth. No country is exception, signalling a major clean up activity ahead!!!
Get ready for the fire.