Sunday, October 31, 2010

Ramayana by Veerappa Moily.

Shree Ramayana Mahanveshanam
Written by Veerappa Moily.



A moral force, in verse

(Editor of Organiser )

EACH GENERATION of Indians has seen amidst them Rama, the hero of Ramayana who has come to personify the highest level to which a human can aspire. It's also the commonest level to which the divine would descend. Ramayana has inspired generations of Indians, and many political leaders have found in Ram Rajya the model of an equitable society.

However, M. Veerappa Moily, Union minister for law and justice, is perhaps the only contemporary politician who has dived deeper into this fascinating epic to produce his magnum opus. Gandhiji, Tilak, Rajaji, Aurob-indo and Dr S.
Radhakrishnan all tried to interpret the Ram-ayana and propound Shri Ram to replicate and explain their political paradigm. To that sense Ramayana is as much a political treatise as it is a spiri tual text.

Drawing heavily from Valmiki's Ramayana and its numerous versions, Moily, in his Shree Ramayana Mahanve Ramayana Mahanveshanam, attempts to inquire the ancient saga in a new perspective. What we have is an excellent work embodying a rare purity of thought, and lofty moral ideals expressed with an alluring poetic charm. He has made the context akin to the Indian situation today. He has taken liberties, allowed his personal likes and biases to creep in, but never deviating from the spirit and substance of the original theme.

Moily took almost a decade to complete the original work in Kannada, in five volumes.
His team of brilliant translators took another two years to render the 43,000 verses in English in two volumes. To paraphrase what Moily said in his Preface, "...the work of an individual's mind has today become the work of collective mind", a metaphysical history.

Moily has shown that the problems confronting us today can be understood and solved by learning from the Ramayana. He states with candour that India with its new economic, political and industrial forte requires a revision of moral and social ideals. But any change, which does not grow out of the past, may prove highly devastating.

Indians have not yet done what W.R. Inge said of the new generation in other countries -of taking "great pleasure in removing the household gods of its parents from their pedestals and consigning them to the cupboard". Because our gods are also humans in flesh and blood, with failings, emotions, weaknesses and passion.

That is why, as Moily underlines, Ramayana is one of the rarest of rare books in human history that has survived time and endured revisions, recasting, renderings, interpretations, adaptations and denunciations, yet retaining the intense sway of its kernel theme on the thinking and world view of the people.

Moily presents not an academic discussion of any moral theory, but a concrete moral ideal in the narrative of various personalities, particularly the chief characters of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana. Valmiki also composed the original work in a "loose and troublesome age", when the evil of terror challenged the virtuous fabric of the sovereign state. Against such a background the Ramayana asserts the force and efficacy of good.

Moily has sorted out his "doubts" in this quest. The minor "corrections" he has made have gone well with the basic format. Like where Ahilya accepts her "momentary lapse" and seeks to become stony frozen, emotionally, to perform penance, or when Sita gives her reasons for declining to be rescued from Ravana's captivity by Hanuman. Moily says he has used the medium of poetry as it is the most effective one. The story of Ramayana is well known, and yet there are many poignant episodes that Moily recreates with great insight.

For instance, when Rama and Lakshmana are about to leave the forest after killing the rakshasas, and guarding the yagna, a woman accosts them and tells them that the rakshasas had taken away her husband and had sexually abused her. She is pregnant and the community is eschewing her as a fallen woman.

Consoling her, Rama says: "Get up, mother! Become the dynamite to explode around Community awareness. Think of your suffering As a bad dream; it will not recur. For all women You be the model. Take on the form of Durga The destroyer of the wicked and evil The edge of selfishness blunts it; break it immediately."

Here is a woman emancipated and empowered. In Ramayana, as Moily repeatedly illuminates, women are neither weak nor victims of male domination. Yet again, in the context of Ahilya, Moily lucidly flourishes his thoughts through Rama: "While a smile that could melt stones/Flashed over his lips," Shri Rama said, "We are representatives of the society that ruined you. Why should we say that? We are princes of Ayodhya/We beg you, please forgive the wrong, mother/The law of punishing the innocent and protecting/The wrong-doers is ours alone/Looking at this, heads should be hung in shame/Law cannot tolerate dishonouring women."

The endeavour for peace, harmony, protection to weak, forest dwellers and the poor marks Moily's version. At Chitrakoot, Rama speaks about protecting the environment. He tells Lakshmana not to cut young trees for building the hut: "Do not cut living trees. It hurts the environment. Search for logs of dry wood and bring them over".

There, Sita organises the forest dwellers, who were slaves, into cottage artisans. She interacts and encourages them to become independent.

One of the most touching scenes in Ramayana is the meeting between Bharata and Rama in the forest. It is a scene that yields to dramatisation and is exploited to the hilt by Moily. He describes the agony of Bharata when the sages in the forest suspect him of deceit. On seeing Rama he runs unto him, "strength being lost in excess of sorrow", and falls at the feet of Rama, collapsing. Bharata's eyes won't stop the tears, and Rama embraces him, trying to soothe him.

The beauty of Ramayana is that it realises that abstract moral principles, detached from the real life of human beings, can only be logical perspectives failing to influence the course of human conduct. Moily tries to take off from here, and he does it with aplomb.

In Shree Ramayana Mahanveshanam the principles of governance, morality and righteousness are set forth in real time human situations.
Vishwamitra's words to Rama, Rama's words to Bharata, Vibhishana's advice to Ravana.
The philosophy of non-violence is bewitching to the author.

Not having read Moily's original work in Kannada, one cannot comment on whether translation retained the poetic felicity and imagery of the author. But it is clear that it's been a fulfilling quest for Moily. He has dedicated the book to his wife, Malati, in touching verse.

Rajaji's Ramayana is very popular, but in short crisp prose. Any rendering of the Ramayana ultimately is a work of devotion. So there is no point comparing one with another. All of them in different ways enchant you. No doubt, to read this volume is a delightful experience. As one goes through the work, Moily's skillful creation of the plot, the unity of the poem, the flights of imagination and balanced treatment of incidents are striking. His grasp of human psychology and delineation of human character mark his work. With Shree Ramayana Mahanveshanam, Moily has assured his place among the pantheon of Indian writers fired by Ram's mystique.

Saturday, October 30, 2010

"The myth of the aryan invasion" by Swami B.V. Giri


The myth of the aryan invasion


Swami B.V. Giri

(SWAMI BHAKTI VIJNANA GIRI MAHARAJA resides in Govindaji Gardens where he trains the devotees in Gaudiya Vaisnava philosophy. Giri Maharaja also spends his time in research as well as book editing and multi-media projects. He is expert in Sanskrit, Bengali, and the performance of Gaudiya-sampradaya rituals. )


The aryan invasion theory has been one of the most controversial historical topics for well over a century. However, it should be pointed out that it remains just that – a theory. To date no hard evidence has proven the aryan invasion theory to be fact. In this essay we will explain the roots of this hypothesis and how, due to recent emergence of new evidence over the last couple of decades, the validity of the aryan invasion theory has been seriously challenged.

It is indeed ironic that the origin of this theory does not lie in Indian records, but in 19th Century politics and German nationalism. No where in the Vedas, Puranas or Itihasas is there any mention of a Migration or Invasion of any kind. In 1841 M.S. Elphinstone, the first governor of the Bombay Presidency, wrote in his book History of India:

'It is opposed to their (Hindus) foreign origin, that neither in the Code (of Manu) nor, I believe, in the Vedas, nor in any book that is certainly older than the code, is there any allusion to a prior residence or to a knowledge of more than the name of any country out of India. Even mythology goes no further than the Himalayan chain, in which is fixed the habitation of the gods... .To say that it spread from a central point is an unwarranted assumption, and even to analogy; for, emigration and civilization have not spread in a circle, but from east to west. Where, also, could the central point be, from which a language could spread over India, Greece, and Italy and yet leave Chaldea, Syria and Arabia untouched? There is no reason whatever for thinking that the Hindus ever inhabited any country but their present one, and as little for denying that they may have done so before the earliest trace of their records or tradition.'

The Birth of a Misconception

Interest in the field of Indology during the 19th Century was of mixed motivations. Many scholars such as August Wilhelm von Schlegal, Hern Wilhelm von Humboldt, and Arthur Schopenhauer lauded praise upon the Vedic literatures and their profound wisdom, others were less than impressed. To accept that there was an advanced civilization outside the boundaries of Europe, at a time before the Patriarchs Abraham and Moses had made their covenant with the Almighty was impossible to conceive of for most European scholars, who harbored a strong Christian tendency. Most scholars of this period were neither archeologists nor historians in the strict sense of the word. Rather, they were missionaries paid by their governments to establish western cultural and racial superiority over the subjugated Indian citizens, through their study of the indigenous religious texts. Consequently, for racial, political and religious reasons, early European indologists created a myth that still survives to this day.

It was established by linguists that Sanskrit, Iranian and European languages all belonged to the same family, categorizing them as 'Indo-European' languages. It was assumed that all these people originated from one homeland where they spoke a common language (which they called 'Proto-Indo-European' or PIE) which later developed into Sanskrit, Latin, Greek etc. They then needed to ascertain where this homeland was. By pure speculation, it was proposed that this homeland was either southeast Europe or Central Asia.

Harappa and Mohenjo-daro


The discovery of ruins in the Indus Valley (Harappa and Mohenjo-daro) was considered by indologists like Wheeler as proof of their conjectures – that a nomadic tribe from foreign lands had plundered India. It was pronounced that the ruins dated back to a time before the Aryan Invasion, although this was actually never verified. By assigning a period of 200 years to each of the several layers of the pre-Buddhist Vedic literature, indologists arrived at a time frame of somewhere between 1500 and 1000BC for the Invasion of the Aryans. Using Biblical chronology as their sheet anchor, nineteenth century indologists placed the creation of the world at 4000BC1 and Noah's flood at 2500BC. They thus postulated that the Aryan Invasion could not have taken place any time before 1500BC.

Archeologists excavating the sites at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro found human skeletal remains; this seemed to them to be undeniable evidence that a large-scale massacre had taken place in these cities by the invading Aryan hordes. Prof. G. F. Dales (Former head of department of South-Asian Archaeology and Anthropology, Berkeley University, USA) in his 'The Mythical Massacre at Mohenjo-daro', states the following about this evidence:


'What of these skeletal remains that have taken on such undeserved importance? Nine years of extensive excavations at Mohenjo-daro (1922-31) - a city of three miles in circuit - yielded the total of some 37 skeletons, or parts thereof, that can be attributed with some certainty to the period of the Indus civilizations. Some of these were found in contorted positions and groupings that suggest anything but orderly burials. Many are either disarticulated or incomplete. They were all found in the area of the Lower Town - probably the residential district. Not a single body was found within the area of the fortified citadel where one could reasonably expect the final defense of this thriving capital city to have been made…Where are the burned fortresses, the arrow heads, weapons, pieces of armor, the smashed chariots and bodies of the invaders and defenders? Despite the extensive excavations at the largest Harappan sites, there is not a single bit of evidence that can be brought forth as unconditional proof of an armed conquest and the destruction on the supposed scale of the Aryan Invasion.'

Evidence from the Vedas

It was therefore concluded that light-skinned nomads from Central Asia who wiped out the indigenous culture and enslaved or butchered the people, imposing their alien culture upon them had invaded the Indian subcontinent. They then wrote down their exploits in the form of the Rg Veda. This hypothesis was apparently based upon references in the Vedas that point to a conflict between the light-skinned Aryans and the dark-skinned Dasyus.2 This theory was strengthened by the archeological discoveries in the Indus Valley of the charred skeletal remains that we have mentioned above. Thus the Vedas became nothing more than a series of poetic tales about the skirmishes between two barbaric tribes.

However, there are other references in the Rg Veda3 that point to India being a land of mixed races. The Rg Veda also states that "We pray to Indra to give glory by which the Dasyus will become Aryans."4 Such a statement confirms that to be an Aryan was not a matter of birth.

An inattentive skimming through the Vedas has resulted in a gross misinterpretation of social and racial struggles amongst the ancient Indians. North Aryans were pitted against the Southern Dravidians, high-castes against low-castes, civilized orthodox Indians against barbaric heterodox tribals. The hypothesis that of racial hatred between the Aryans and the dark-skinned Dasyus has no sastric foundation, yet some 'scholars' have misinterpreted texts to try to prove that there was racial hatred amongst the Aryans and Dravidians (such as the Rg Veda story of Indra slaying the demon Vrta 5 ).

Based on literary analysis, many scholars including B.G. Tilak, Dayananda Saraswati and Aurobindo dismissed any idea of an Aryan Invasion. For example, if the Aryans were foreign invaders, why is it that they don't name places outside of India as their religious sites? Why do the Vedas only glorify holy placeswithin India?

What is an 'Aryan'?

Max Mueller

The Sanskrit word 'Aryan' refers to one who is righteous and noble. It is also used in the context of addressing a gentleman (Arya-putra, Aryakanya etc).6 Nowhere in the Vedic literature is the word used to denote race or language. This was a concoction by Max Mueller who, in 1853, introduced the word 'Arya' into the English language as referring a particular race and language. He did this in order to give credibility to his Aryan race theory (see Part 2). However in 1888, when challenged by other eminent scholars and historians, Mueller could see that his reputation was in jeopardy and made the following statement, thus refuting his own theory -

"I have declared again and again that if I say Aryas, I mean neither blood nor bones, nor hair, nor skull; I mean simply those who speak an Aryan me an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar."
(Max Mueller, Biographies of Words and the Home of the Aryas, 1888, pg 120)

But the dye had already been cast! Political and Nationalist groups in Germany and France exploited this racial phenomenon to propagate the supremacy of an assumed Aryan race of white people. Later, Adolf Hitler used this ideology to the extreme for his political hegemony and his barbaric crusade to terrorize Jews, Slavs and other racial minorities, culminating in the holocaust of millions of innocent people.

According to Mueller's etymological explanation of 'Aryan', the word is derived from 'ar' (to plough, to cultivate). Therefore Arya means 'a cultivator, or farmer'. This is opposed to the idea that the Aryans were wandering nomads. V.S. Apte's Sanskrit-English Dictionary relates the word Arya to the root 'r-' to which the prefix 'a' has been added in order to give a negating meaning. Therefore the meaning of Arya is given as 'excellent, best', followed by 'respectable' and as a noun, 'master, lord, worthy, honorable, excellent,' 'upholder of Arya values, and further: teacher, employer, master, father-in-law, friend.'

No Nomads

Kenneth Kennedy of Cornell University has recently proven that there was no significant influx of people into India during 4500 to 800BC. Furthermore it is impossible for sites stretching over one thousand miles to have all become simultaneously abandoned due to the Invasion of Nomadic Tribes.

There is no solid evidence that the Aryans belonged to a nomadic tribe. In fact, to suggest that a nomadic horde of barbarians wrote books of such profound wisdom as the Vedas and Upanisads is nothing more than an absurdity and defies imagination.

Although in the Rg Veda Indra is described as the 'Destroyer of Cities,' the same text mentions that the Aryan people themselves were urban dwellers with hundreds of cities of their own. They are mentioned as a complex metropolitan society with numerous professions and as a seafaring race. This begs the question, if the Aryans had indeed invaded the city of Harrapa, why did they not inhabit it after? Archeological evidence shows that the city was left deserted after the 'Invasion'.

Colin Renfrew, Prof. of Archeology at Cambridge, writes in his book Archeology and Language: The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins' -

'It is certainly true that the gods invoked do aid the Aryas by over-throwing forts, but this does not in itself establish that the Aryas had no forts themselves. Nor does the fleetness in battle, provided by horses (who were clearly used primarily for pulling chariots), in itself suggest that the writers of these hymns were nomads. Indeed the chariot is not a vehicle especially associated with nomads'

Horses and Chariots

The Invasion Theory was linked to references of horses in the Vedas, assuming that the Aryans brought horses and chariots with them, giving military superiority that made it possible for them to conquer the indigenous inhabitants of India. Indologists tried to credit this theory by claiming that the domestication of the horse took place just before 1500BC. Their proof for this was that there were no traces of horses and chariots found in the Indus Valley. The Vedic literature nowhere mentions riding in battle and the word 'asva' for horse was often used figuratively for speed. Recent excavations by Dr.S.R. Rao have discovered both the remains of a horse from both the Late Harrapan Period and the Early Harrapan Period (dated before the supposed Invasion by the Aryans), and a clay model of a horse in Mohenjo-daro. Since Dr. Rao's discoveries other archeologists have uncovered numerous horse bones of both domesticated and combat types. New discoveries in the Ukraine also proves that horse riding was prevalent as early as 4000BC – thus debunking the misconception that the Aryan nomads came riding into history after 2000BC.

Another important point in this regard is that nomadic tribes do not use chariots. They are used in areas of flat land such as the Gangetic plains of Northern India. An Invasion of India from Central Asia would require crossing mountains and deserts – a chariot would be useless for such an exercise. Much later, further excavations in the Indus Valley (and pre-Indus civilizations) revealed horses and evidence of the wheel on the form of a seal showing a spoked wheel (as used on chariots).

An Iron Culture

Similarly, it was claimed that another reason why the Invading Aryans gained the upper hand was because their weapons were made of iron. This was based upon the word 'ayas' found in the Vedas, which was translated as iron. Another reason was that iron was not found in the Indus Valley region.

However, in other Indo-European languages, ayas refers to bronze, copper or ore. It is dubious to say that ayas only referred to iron, especially when the Rg Veda does not mention other metals apart from gold, which is mentioned more frequently than ayas. Furthermore, the Yajur and Atharva Vedas refer to different colors of ayas. This seems to show that he word was a generic term for all types of metal. It is also mentioned in the Vedas that the dasyus (enemies of the Aryans) also used ayas to build their cities. Thus there is no hard evidence to prove that the 'Aryans invaders' were an iron-based culture and their enemies were not.


Throughout the Vedas, there is mention of fire-sacrifices (yajnas) and the elaborate construction of vedhis (fire altars). Fire-sacrifices were probably the most important aspect of worshiping the Supreme for the Aryan people. However, the remains of yajna-vedhis (fire altars) were uncovered in Harrapa by B.B. Lal of the Archeological Survey of India, in his excavations at the third millenium site of Kalibangan.

The geometry of these yajna-vedhis is explained in the Vedic texts such as the Satpatha-brahmana. The University of California at Berkley has compared this geometry to the early geometry of Ancient Greece and Mesopotamia and established that the geometry found in the Vedic scriptures should be dated before 1700BC. Such evidence proves that the Harrapans were part of the Vedic fold.

Objections in the Realm of Linguistics and Literature

There are various objections to the conclusions reached by the indologists concerning linguistics. Firstly they have never given a plausible excuse to explain how a Nomadic Invasion could have overwhelmed the original languages in one of the most densely populated regions of the ancient world.

Secondly, there are more linguistic changes in Vedic Sanskrit than there are in classical Sanskrit since the time of Panini (aprox.500 BC). So although they have assigned an arbitrary figure of 200 year periods to each of the four Vedas, each of these periods could have existed for any number of centuries and the 200 year figure is totally subjective and probably too short a figure.

Another important point is that none of the Vedic literatures refer to any Invasion from outside or an original homeland from which the Aryans came from. They only focus upon the region of the Seven Rivers (sapta-sindhu). The Puranas refer to migrations of people out of India, which explains the discoveries of treaties between kings with Aryan names in the Middle East, and references to Vedic gods in West Asian texts in the second millenium BC. However, the indologists try to explain these as traces of the migratory path of the Aryans into India.

North-South Divide

Indologists have concluded that the original inhabitants of the Indus Valley civilization were of Dravidian descent. This poses another interesting question. If the Aryans had invaded and forced the Dravidians down to the South, why is there no Aryan/Dravidian divide in the respective religious literatures and historical traditions? Prior to the British, the North and South lived in peace and there was a continuous cultural exchange between the two. Sanskrit was the common language between the two regions for centuries. Great acaryas such as Sankara, Ramanuja, Madhva, Vallabha, and Nimbarka were all from South, yet they are all respected in North India. Prior to them, there were great sages from the South such as Bodhayana and Apastamba. Agastya Rsi is placed in high regard in South India as it is said that he brought the Tamil language from Mount Kailasa to the South.7 Yet he is from the North! Are we to understand that the South was uninhabited before the Aryan Invasion? If not, who were the original inhabitants of South India, who accepted these newcomers from the North without any struggle or hostility?


Pasupati Siva

The advocates of the Invasion theory argue that the inhabitants of Indus valley were Saivites (Siva worshippers) and since Saivism is more prevalent among the South Indians, the inhabitants of the Indus valley region must have been Dravidians. Siva worship, however, is not alien to Vedic culture, and is certainly not confined to South India. The words Siva and Sambhu are not Dravidian in origin as some indologists would have us believe (derived from the Tamil words 'civa' - to redden, to become angry, and 'cembu' - copper, the red metal). Both words have Sanskrit roots – 'si' meaning auspicious, gracious, benevolent, helpful, kind, and 'sam' meaning being or existing for happiness or welfare, granting or causing happiness, benevolent, helpful, kind. These words are used in this sense only, right from their very first occurrence. 8 Moreover, some of the most important holy places for Saivites are located in North India: the traditional holy residence of Lord Siva is Mount Kailasa situated in the far north. Varanasi is the most revered and auspicious seat of Saivism. There are verses in the Rg Veda mentioning Siva and Rudra and consider him to be an important deity. Indra himself is called Siva several times in Rg Veda (2:20:3, 6:45:17, 8:93:3).

So Siva is not a Dravidian divinity only, and by no means is he a non-Vedic divinity. Indologists have also presented terra-cotta lumps found in the fire-alters in Harappa and taken them to be Siva-lingas, implying that Saivism was prevalent among the Indus valley people. But these terra-cotta lumps have been proved to be the measures for weighing commodities by shopkeepers and merchants. Their weights have been found in perfect integral ratios, in the manner like 1 gm, 2 gms, 5 gms, 10 gms etc. They were not used as the Siva-lingas for worship, but as the weight measurements.

The Discovery of the Sarasvati River

Whereas the famous River Ganga is mentioned only once in the Rg Veda, the River Sarasvati is mentioned at least sixty times. Sarasvati is now a dry river, but it once flowed all the way from the Himalayas to the ocean across the desert of Rajasthan. Research by Dr. Wakankar has verified that the River Sarasvati changed course at least four times before going completely dry around 1900BC. 9 The latest satellite data combined with field archaeological studies have shown that the Rg Vedic Sarasvati had stopped being a perennial river long before 3000 BC.

As Paul-Henri Francfort of CNRS, Paris recently observed –

"...We now know, thanks to the field work of the Indo-French expedition that when the proto-historic people settled in this area, no large river had flowed there for a long time."

The proto-historic people he refers to are the early Harappans of 3000 BC. But satellite photos show that a great prehistoric river that was over 7 kilometers wide did indeed flow through the area at one time. This was the Sarasvati described in the Rg Veda. Numerous archaeological sites have also been located along the course of this great prehistoric river thereby confirming Vedic accounts. The great Sarasvati that flowed "from the mountain to the sea" is now seen to belong to a date long anterior to 3000 BC. This means that the Rg Veda describes the geography of North India long before 3000 BC. All this shows that the Rg Veda must have been in existence no later than 3500 BC. 10

With so many eulogies composed to the River Sarasvati, we can gather that it must have been well known to the Aryans, who therefore could not have been foreign invaders. This also indicates that the Vedas are much older than Mahabharata, which mentions the Sarasvati as a dying river.

Discoveries of New Sites

Since the initial discoveries of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa on the Ravi and Sindhu rivers in 1922, over 2500 other settlements have been found stretching from Baluchistan to the Ganga and beyond and down to the Tapti Valley. This covers almost a million and a half square kilometers. More than 75% of these sites are concentrated not along the Sindhu, as was believed 70 years ago, but on the banks of the dried up river Sarasvati. The drying up of this great river was a catastrophe, which led to a massive exodus of people in around 2000-1900BC. Some of these people moved southeast, some northwest, and some to Middle-eastern countries such as Iran and Mesopotamia. Dynasties and rulers with Indian names appear and disappear all over west Asia confirming the migration of people from East to West.

With so much evidence against the Aryan Invasion theory, one wonders as to why this ugly vestige of British imperialism is still taught in Indian schools today! Such serious misconceptions can only be reconciled by accepting that the Aryans were the original inhabitants of the Indus Valley region, and not a horde of marauding foreign nomads. Such an Invasion never occurred.


1 In 1654 A.D. Archbishop Usher of Ireland firmly announced that his study of Scripture had proved that creation took place at 9.00am on the 23rd October 4004 B.C. So from the end of the seventeenth century, this chronology was accepted by the Europeans and they came to believe that Adam was created 4004 years before Christ.

2 Rg Veda (2-20-10) refers to "Indra, the killer of Vritra, who destroys the Krishna Yoni Dasyus". This is held as evidence that the "invading Aryans" exterminated the "dark aboriginals"

3 RV.10.1.11, 8.85.3, 2.3.9

4 RV.6.22.10

5 RV. 1.32.10-11

6 In Valmiki's Ramayana, Lord Ramacandra is described as an Arya as follows - aryah sarva-samas-caivah sadaiva priya-darsana (Arya: one who cares for the equality of all and is dear to everyone)

7 Tradition has it that Lord Siva requested the sage Agastya to write the Tamil grammar, which was spoken prior to Sage Agastya's work. Agastya chose his disciple Tholgapya's grammar for Tamil which was considered much more simple than the grammar that Agastya had developed. This laid the foundation for later classical Tamil literature, and also spawned other Dravadian languages. Agastya Muni and Tholgapya are considered to be the Tamil counterpart of Panini of Sanskrit.

8 Monier-Williams Sanskrit to English Dictionary

9 Gods, Sages and Kings by David Frawley

10 Aryan Invasion of india: The Myth and the Truth by N.S. Rajaram

Thursday, October 28, 2010

A mockery of Tamil committed by Karunanidhi’s family!

In the name of serving Tamil better, Mr Karunanidhi offered tax benefits to the films that have a Tamil title! It was debated at that time itself how such a decision could serve the cause of Tamil, if the content of the film is deplorable and the dialogues were to be in mixed tongue. But our rationalist Chief Minister would not listen to all that and as a result we are now witnessing all sorts of fun. 

The film Enthiran was hit by that order at that time. That film was originally named as “Robot”. As a sequence of that order and to avail the tax benefits, the film’s name was changed into a Tamil word. But the irony is that the film can not be understood without the knowledge of English. The computer-commands related to the robot’s movements are all in English with no translation to what is meant by those English sentences. I wonder how many Tamils who know only Tamil could understand them. Perhaps it was a deliberate trick to make the people to see the movie again and again to understand what is exactly happening. The use of English in dialogues and English commands in the film Enthiran  are certainly a mockery on the order on Tamil title.

Those who commit such a mockery of the order come from Karunanidhi’s family only.
Look at the names of their production houses, you will know what scant regard they have for Tamil.  

The production industry owned by Maran brothers has the name “Sun pictures”.

Udhayanidhi Stalin, the grandson of Karunanidhi and the next ruler in waiting after the coronation of Stalin runs a production house by name, “Red Giant Movies” 

Dayanidhi Azhagiri, another grandson of our Torch bearer of Tamil owns a production house named, “Cloud Nine Movies”.

They don’t stop with this.
The movies produced by them also have names that can not be called as Tamil.
Dayanidhi Azhagiri’s recent film is “Va Quarter Cutting”.
Do you think this movie was exempted from tax benefits? 

I don’t think so, because I read a report that this strange name coming from the house of Karunanidhi was taken to the notice of Karunanidhi. He in turn asked his grandson to have a Tamil name for the movie.
But pat came the reply – asking whether ‘Thilalangadi’ produced by Kalanidhi Maran was a Tamil name.
What can our Torch bearer of Tamil do now?
Can he risk irritating the Marans at this election time? 
Would they not give prominence to Jayalalitha if he irritates them?
Relationship is not even skin deep in Karunanidhi’s family.
If you don’t behave useful to me, I wont hesitate to dump you down – that is the “paasap pinaippu” – that is the filial ties that he has nurtured in his family.
Karunanidhi can not even ask Stalin’s son Udhayanidhi what Tamil is there in the name “Boss enkira Baskaran
Karunanidhi at best is ‘veettula eli, veliyila puli” (rat at home but tiger at outside).
His dictates on Hindu practices also have the same fate.
His family does not follow what he says.

Now the naming of the film in Tamil has raised a new controversy. A film by name “Ochayee” has been rejected tax benefits because the name is not Tamil, whereas it is claimed that Ochayee is the name of a rural goddess.
This name is common is rural Tamilnadu.

In this context, let me give enema to our Tamil loving Chief Minister.
Isakki amman is a popular female deity in many rural places of Tamilnadu.
Isakki is also known as “Iyakki” amman.
Isakki is actually the female term for “Arya - the term detested by our CM.

There is a reference to this in Silappadhikaram that “Ariyaanganai” the female counter-part of Arya was worshiped in those days.
The local name for that Ariyaangalai is Isakki or Iyakki amman!

I wish Karunanidhi takes out Silappadhikaram book and read Adiyaarkku nallar commentary for “PoonkaN Iyakki” (chapter 15 – line 116) which gives this explanation connecting to Aryanism.
What would his hate-Aryan mind think then?
I am curious to know!


Ochayee film stirs debate over name



Oct. 26: The state commercial taxes department decision declining to exempt the film Ochayee from entertainment tax stating that Ochayee is not a Tamil name has triggered a fresh debate among Tamil scholars, writers and Left activists.

Soon after assuming office in 2006, the DMK government announced tax sop to films that have Tamil titles to encourage producers and directors use Tamil titles.
While declining to extend the benefit to this film, the authorities said Ochayee is a meaningless word and asked the producers to prove their claim with records.

Ochayee, written and directed by Asai Thambi, is one of the first movies to release post-Endhiran. The government stand has apparently irked Tamil scholars and political leaders including CPI state secretary D. Pandian and VCK general secretary Thol.

CPI(M)-backed progressive writers union secretary Sa. Tamilselvan argued that Ochayee is a popular folk deity around Usilampatti in Madurai district. "The authorities should not refer elitist dictionaries, which do not contain the folk dialect.
Like Pechi, Isakki, Mari, and Kali, Ochayee is a name of a folk deity in the Madurai region," he said.

Mr Pandian, who hails from the Usilampatti region, said the government's stand on Ochayee is tantamount to insulting thousands of Tamil women who have been carrying the name for generations.

"The government has given tax sops to films that promote casteism, orthodoxy, blind faith and are anti-women just because they carry Tamil titles. But they are denying them to a film that reflects Tamil culture," said Mr Arunan, president, progressive writers forum.

The critics also question the government giving tax exemption Sivaji, (which is not a Tamil name), Something Something Unakkum Enakkum and Va Quarter Cutting.

DMK MP criticized by her party for supporting Ram temple construction.

Giving free cycles as part of one-time puja scheme in a temple is okay, but building a temple is not okay for the rulers of Tamilnadu!
Readers might wonder what  a cycle has to do with temple puja. But that is the brain child of our Chief minister Mr Karunanidhi  who thinks that by donating a free cycle to the priests, they can come on time to the temple to conduct the one- time pooja. This facility was extended to priests of the temples where only one- time puja (oru - kaala poojai) is being done.  A person of Karunanidhi's mental make-up can not think how the crores of money spent on the cycles (all cycles painted yellow, his lucky colour) could have been diverted to conduct the puja for the 2nd time also in those temples. This much is what he knows about temples and how they must be taken care of.

So it is not surprising to expect this man to reprehend his MP for signing a memorandum for building Ram Temple at Ayodhya. Already the name, Ram is allergic to him. He is the exact opposite of whatever Ram stands for! Even after the court verdict on the historicity of Ram and his Janmasthaan, this man can not accpet a temple at Janmasthaan. Will he behave the same if the temple in question is that of Christians and Muslims? It is high time that he is thrown out of power and dumped for ever.



MP Helen in a spot over support for Ram Temple

Oct. 26: 

First-time DMK MP from Kanyakumari Helen Davidson is at the centre of a controversy as she is reported to have pledged support to the building of a Ram Temple at the controversial site in Ayodhya. 

Ms Davidson has affixed her signature in the memorandum of hardline Hindutva organisation Vishwa Hindu Parisad that urged the President to take initiatives to construct Ram Temple in Ayodhya following the Allahabad High Court verdict.

Acting swiftly, the DMK leadership on Tuesday sought an explanation from Ms Davidson about news reports that she had signed on the VHP campaign, offering support to build the Ram Temple.
Ms Davidson said she had signed the papers when VHP leaders approached her in her hometown, without even knowing what the matter was all about.

Muslim organisations have taken strong exception to Ms Davidson’s open support to the mandir movement.
Though the party welcomed the Ayodhya verdict initially, DMK president M.Karunanidhi later criticised the judgment by saying that the court confirmed that the disputed land was the birthplace of Rama, when "Tamils have yet to find out details about the death of King Rajaraja, his tomb, or his memorial although the great king lived just 1,000 years ago." "The Aryan civilisation which tried to topple the Dravidian race has acted vigorously to cultivate superstition among people," he said.

Tuesday, October 26, 2010

India was the home of oldest insects.

India has always been the cradle of mankind. It is now proved that it has been so even for the insects! Insects that lived 100 million years ago are now being discovered in Gujarat! Some time ago I read another report saying that even the fossils of the oldest plants ever found anywhere on the earth have been found in the Vindhya mountains. India being the centre of evolution of any form of life is thus being made out from the discoveries.

All these are proving our puranic description of land form and life and that mankind had  evolved in this land. Jambhu dweepa had been the centre of activity and there were layers of other land forms surrounding it. Indian landmass situated in the Jambhu dweepa moved towards north and collided with the Asian landmass giving rise to the formation of Himalayas 10 million years ago. The Puranic lore of Shiva Parvathy wedding attracting huge number of invitees that resulted in the ducking of the landmass under the Himalayas can be related to the initial impact on the landmass that kept pushing the Himalayas up. The Southern part of the landmass lifted up as a result according to puranas.

The exact description was that Vindhyas were rising as if to dwarf the Meru. Sage Agasthya was sent by Lord Shiva to restore balance. He caused the Vindhyas to stop growing and went to the South and made it even with the northern landmass. This is the story. But the derivations from this story are now being discovered as part of scientific research. 

This story and the current discoveries show that India was not of the shape and size that it is now. It also shows that India was part of a larger landmass that moved northwards. From Sangam Tamil we know that India had extended for 1000s of square miles south of Kanyakumari of today. The entire land mass had separated from Africa and moved towards north. This started 100 million years ago. 

The picture that we see in the internet is not accurate because it does not show the larger landmass that moved and collided in such a way that the mighty Himalayas had risen up.

The impact zone of this collision had been felt from North west India upto Burma. Throughout this region the Himalayas had risen up. So the landmass at that time must have had the floor of the Bay of Bengal in considerable mass to enable such a push up. (Read my old articles on this and how Bay of Bengal came into being)

The issue of interest for this post is that insects that are now seen in many parts of the world had been found in the Indian mass at a time when it had not collided with Asia. This discovery proposes the theory that the Indian land mass must been in the south and closer to Africa and Australia, through which those life forms might have shifted to other parts of the world in that era.

The fossilized forms of life had traveled along with the land mass and are now seen at places away from the original climates where they could have thrived.

While these findings indicate a lively Indian mass about 100 million years go, the genetic studies reveal human life thriving in that place about a million years ago. Though the original movement is from east Africa, human population had indeed thrived over many 1000s of years in the Indian landmass only according to those studies. It was from India, further movement had happened. Such a development could have happened if only the Indian landmass had been huge and close to Africa. This also supports the idea of an extended Indian landmass being closer to Africa in those times.

If we look at the google earth, we can find the long mountain ranges from the 2 sides of South India submerged in the Indian ocean. On the east, the range goes upto Australia. The islands of Andaman and Nicobar are the visible parts of this mountain range. On the west, the mountain range goes upto Madagascar. The Lakshdweep are the visible parts of this mountain range. The land in-between them must have formed part of the Indian landmass which was known as Kumari khandam in Tamil texts. The texts indeed speak about “pan malai adukkam” – a series of mountain ranges.

The discovery of ancient fauna and flora in the present Indian land mass is only a remnant. The sub merged area between the 2 undersea mountain ranges would have supported a large number of lives of different forms. Deep sea explorations and exploration of the submerged mountain ranges in the Indian Ocean are the need of the hour.




Insects in Ancient Amber Reveal Unexpected India-Asia Ties

By Stephanie Pappas, LiveScience Senior Writer
posted: 25 October 2010 03:02 pm ET


A 50 million-year-old spider trapped in amber. Credit: David Grimaldi/AMNH

A winged Psocoptera insect trapped in amber. Credit: David Grimaldi/AMNH

A coccid insect extracted from amber, magnified with a scanning electron microscope. Credit: University of Bonn.

A cache of ancient insects trapped in amber reveals that the Indian subcontinent wasn't as isolated 50 million years ago as previously believed, according to a new study.
The find, 330 pounds (150 kilograms) of fossilized tree resin excavated from northern India, contains more than 700 preserved insects and spiders, as well as plant spores, leaf portions and small flowers. Geological evidence shows that the landmass had been drifting independently for about 100 million years at the time, but the organisms in the amber are closely related to other species found in northern Europe, Australia, New Guinea and tropical America, the researchers report online this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

That means the fauna of India didn't evolve in isolation, said study researcher David Grimaldi, the curator in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.
"There must have been some connections between India and Asia that geologists aren't accounting for," Grimaldi told LiveScience.

Stepping stones
The resin is found in India's Gujarat province, where open-pit mining brings it to the surface. For the past three years, researchers have been visiting the mines for 10 days per year to collect the fossil-rich amber, study coauthor Jes Rust, professor of invertebrate paleontology at the Universität Bonn in Germany, told LiveScience.

Rust, Grimaldi and their colleagues then return the amber to the lab, where they painstakingly seek out the tiny insects, spiders and other arthropods inside. The preservation of the arthropods is particularly good in this amber, Rust said, meaning the researchers can dissolve the resin and extract whole preserved insects for study.

"This is really unusual," Rust said. "It's like if you would have a complete dinosaur."
What is now the Indian subcontinent broke away from Africa about 150 million years ago and didn't join up with another landmass — Asia — until about 50 million years ago. So the research team expected to find a host of unique species that had evolved over those 100 million years. Instead, they learned that the insects and spiders in the amber are related to other species found fossilized everywhere from the Dominican Republic to the Baltic.

That could mean that Asia and India collided a few million years earlier than geological evidence suggests, Grimaldi said. Or it could support the theory that there were small islands connecting the continents, allowing species to "hop" across.
"Even though India might not have slammed into Asia at that time, there might have been stepping stones," Grimaldi said.

Ancient forests
Also hidden in the amber were clues to the ecosystem in India 50 million years ago. The Gujarat amber is the oldest evidence of a modern-type tropical rainforest in Asia, Grimaldi said. Plant fragments both in the amber and fossilized nearby paint a picture of an ancient landscape that would have looked much like the forests of Borneo today. The resin itself comes from a family of trees called Dipterocarpaceae, which dominate modern tropical forests in southeast Asia.

"The evidence is beginning to accumulate that tropical forests are ancient," Grimaldi said. "They probably go back to right after the K-T boundary," between the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods 65 million years ago, when non-avian dinosaurs went extinct.
The team plans to return to Gujarat in January to collect more samples, and the work in the lab is only beginning, the researchers said.
"We're still discovering all sorts of cool stuff in this amber," Grimaldi said. "Every day."

Thursday, October 21, 2010

Will they exchange Babri Masjid for all the Mandirs demolished so far?


Thursday, October 21, 2010

Faith, fact and fiction


Prafull Goradia

[ History and ASI records prove Hindu temples have been vandalised time and again by Muslim rulers and invaders.

Will Muslims consider returning all those mandirs to Hindus in exchange of the Babri Masjid? ]

The recent judgement of the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court on the Ram Janmabhoomi has been criticised by several Muslim leaders and a self-styled secularist as one based on faith and not facts. To insist on facts, when it comes to religion, is a contradiction in terms. That Virgin Mary was the mother of Jesus Christ is a belief inspired by faith and we respect it. Similarly, we do not question that Prophet Mohammed ascended to heaven from the Dome of Rock.

The short-sightedness of the Muslim institutions wanting to appeal to the Supreme Court against the High Court's recent judgement on Ram Janmabhoomi is obvious. In contrast, recall the vision of Sir Sikander Hayat Khan, the distinguished Premier of undivided Punjab: The Muslim League had sponsored the Punjab Muslim Mosques Protection Bill of 1938. The intention was primarily to secure the restoration of the Shaheed Ganj mosque, which was being used as a gurudwara.

As stated by Professor Coupland, the Bill was expected to create a grave political crisis for Sir Sikander's Unionist Party. However, he still stood firm against the Bill and stated openly in the Punjab Assembly that the enactment of the legislation would provoke a retaliatory action in other provinces in respect of the numerous non-Muslim places of worship, which had passed into Muslim hands and had become sites of important Muslim holy places such as, the Dargah at Ajmer or the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque near Qutb Minar.


Significantly, the Council of the Muslim League approved of Sir Sikander's contention and the Punjab Governor accordingly, did not permit the Bill to be introduced. That left Barkat Ali, the sponsor of the Bill, disappointed. The incident is quoted from Modern Muslim India and the Birth of Pakistan by Mr SM Ikram.

As a Hindu, I welcome the insistence on facts. I could go to the extent of offering the Muslims the Babri masjid back provided their leaders agree to give back all the places of worship, which were proven mandirs and were converted into masjids by invaders or Muslim rulers.

I have seen and photographed several mosques whose walls carry integral carvings of Lord Ganesh. The Quwwat-ul-Islam in Delhi and the Adina Mosque near Malda in West Bengal are two such examples. The Jama Masjid in Vidisha near Bhopal is a veritable museum of Hindu idols. The Rudra Mahalaya Complex at Siddhpur in Gujarat with its 11 temples used as Jami Masjid is another interesting example. From within the precincts of the mosque, Hindu idols were excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India in 1979, but were buried back at the insistence of Muslim leaders. This incidence was reported by the Fourth National Minorities Commission Report, 1983. According to Alexander Cunningham, the legendary founder of ASI, it was the resplendent kingdom of Kannauj, which was later destroyed by Muhammad Ghori in 12th century.

In his
Mathura : A District Memoir, FS Growse has recorded his exhaustive survey of Brajbhoomi. He was so overwhelmed by the vandalism that he visited the area repeatedly and recorded it in detail. To quote: "Thanks to Muhammadan intolerance, there is not a single building of any antiquity either in Mathura or, its environs. Its most famous temple — that dedicated to Kesava Deva (Krishna) — was destroyed in 1669, the eleventh year of the reign of Aurangzeb or Alamgir. The mosque (idgah) erected on its ruins is a building of little architectural value."

Over two centuries after the desecration, Growse felt that "of all the sacred places in India, none enjoys a greater popularity than the capital of Braj, the holy city of Mathura. For nine months in the year, festival follows upon festival in rapid succession and the ghats and temples are daily thronged with new troops of way worn pilgrims".

Today, Balkrishna is worshipped in a little room, which appears like a servant quarter attached to the back of the idgah. Definitely, any visitor, whether a devotee or otherwise, would feel pathetic.

The birthplace of Krishna was vandalised repeatedly. It started with Mahmud of Ghazni in 1017 and went on till Aurangzeb's rule in 17th century. Historian Sri Ram Sharma in his The Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors, first published in 1940, wrote: "Then came the turn of the temple of Keshav Rai at Mathura built at a cost of `33,00,000 by Rao Bir Singh Bundela during the reign of Jahangir. It had excited the envy of many Muslims who, however, had not Aurangzeb's power. It had been built after the style of the famous temple at Bindraban which Man Singh had built at a cost of `5,00,000. But Bir Singh had improved upon his model and spent more than six times as much as Man Singh had lavished on his shrine at Bindraban. It had become a centre of pilgrimage for the whole of India. The idols, studded with precious stones and adorned with gold work, were all taken to Agra and there buried under the steps of Jahanara's mosque. The temple was levelled to the ground and a mosque was ordered to be built on the site to mark the acquisition of religious merit by the emperor." Historian Sharma has relied on Maasiri-i-Alamgiri.


The Russians at the end of their conquest of Warsaw had built an Orthodox church, which stood for a hundred years until World War I. It was demolished after the Polish takeover. At the same site, the Poles rebuilt their Catholic church. The incident was described by Sir Arnold Toynbee in the first Azad Memorial lecture delivered in Delhi. He then went on to comment on the irony of independent India tolerating the idgah over Krishna Janmabhoomi and the two tall mosques built on the ghats of Benares.

Ours being a peaceful society, Indians should avoid desecration. A fair and square exchange of the Babri edifice for all the mandirs turned into masjids, which authentic records prove, should be acceptable to all.


Six Destructions of Somnath by Islam




(The Somnath temple as it stands today,

was destroyed by Islam six times,

rebuilt by Hindus six times.)

Muslim invaders and rulers destroyed over 10,000 Hindu temples over the centuries. Perhaps none was destroyed as many times, and rebuilt as many times, as Somnath. The destruction of Somnath by Mahmud Ghazni is well known. Here is a list of the lesser known destructions of Somnath. Each time, the temple was rebuilt by Hindus, often accompanied by great loss to Hindu life. Somnath is the symbol of Hindu defiance and resilience in the face of barbaric assault that would have (and did) bury most other civilizations.

1. The first temple of Somnath is said to have existed before the beginning of the Common Era.

2. The second temple, built by the Maitraka kings of Vallabhi in Gujarat, replaced the first one on the same site around 649AD. In 725AD Junayad, the Arab governor of Sind, sent his armies to destroy the second temple. This was destruction No. 1.

3. The Pratihara king Nagabhata II constructed the third temple in 815AD, a large structure of red sandstone. In 1024AD, Mahmud Ghazni raided the temple from across the Thar Desert. During his campaign, Mahmud was challenged by Ghogha Rana, who at the ripe age of 90, sacrificed his own clan fighting against this Islamic warrior. The temple and citadel were ransacked, and more than 50,000 defenders were massacred. Mahmud personally hammered the temple's gilded lingam to pieces and the stone fragments were carted back to Ghazni, where they were incorporated into the steps of the city's new Jamiah Masjid (Friday mosque). This was destruction No. 2.

4. The fourth temple was built by the Paramara King Bhoj of Malwa and the Solanki king Bhima of Gujarat (Anhilwara) or Patan between 1026AD and 1042AD. The wooden structure was replaced by Kumarpal who built the temple of stone.

5. The temple was razed again in 1297AD when the Sultanate of Delhi conquered Gujarat, and again in 1395AD, and once more in 1401AD (please see quote at end of this article). These were destructions No 3, 4, and 5.

6. The last destruction of Somnath was by the last Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1706AD, just a year before his death. This was destruction No. 6.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, then Home Minister & the first Deputy Prime Minister of India took a pledge on November 13, 1947 for Somnath's reconstruction for the seventh time. A mosque present at that site was shifted few miles away. The construction was completed on December 1, 1995 and the then President of India, Dr.Rajendra Prasad dedicated it in the service of the nation. The present temple was built by the Shri Somnath Trust which looks after the Shri Somnath temple complex.

I end with the description of Muzaffar Khan's destruction of Somnath, taken from M. M. Syed's " History of the Delhi sultanate ", pp. 184:

" Next year, in 1395, Muzaffar Khan invaded Somnath, burnt the temple, and destroyed the idol. He killed many hindus, and left the place after arranging for the erection of a mosque. In 1401, news reached him that the hindus were trying to restore the temple of somnath, and revive their customary worship. Muzaffar immedaitely proceeded thither with an army, and the Hindus, defeated after a sharp encounter, retired to the fort of the lop. This fort also fell after a few days of fighting, and Muzaffar killed the entire garrison, and had the men trampled under the feet of elephants. He then demolished the temples and laid the foundations of a mosque."


Monday, October 18, 2010

Don’t underestimate Jayalalithaa!

Jayalalithaa’s upsurge continues!

Today’s massive crowd at Madurai is yet another proof of the rising expectations on Jayalalithaa.
Like Madurai, Chennai also experienced unusually interrupted power supply while her speech was on. This shows that Karunanidhi is losing his ‘nimmathi’. 

Her take on Azhagiri was simple but striking. From her speech we come to know that Karunanidhi’s family owns 6 film production houses – most of them having English name! 34 out of 69 movies produced this year were under the banner of Karunanidhi & co. Jayalalithaa covered in her speech all the areas where the tentacles of Karunanidhi & co have spread and mutilated fair justice. The film industry must come to the realization of what is going to be in store for them if this one family is allowed another term in governance.

It is like they have the power but their powers are mortgaged to Karunanidhi. He uses them up (film industry) to further his interests. The entire Tamilnadu is addicted to films and filmi personalities. The filmdom has to rise against this One family rule for their sake and for the sake of  the people who patronize them. Particularly Rajinikanth owes a debt to the Tamil people. He has no qualms to call Bal Thackeray as his God in order to make his film a success. Would he think of the real Gods who have made him what he is today? He has to rise to the occasion and tell the people at the right time to denounce Karunanidhi.

Of the different players in the race, Jayalalitha is the best bet. She has lived like a Bheeshma of terrible vows. A person of her acumen and commitment is the need of the hour. I can quote a dozen points form her horoscope to show how just, god fearing and a right ruler she is / can be.

She was not in position to tell anything about an alliance in the meeting. It is because leaders have a different calculation which is not the same as what the people think. But I expect one politician to come out and join hands with her. 

There are only 2 politicians in today’s Tamilnadu who have demonstrated selflessness and commitment once in governance. One is Jayalalithaa. Jayalaithaa’s 2nd tenure must be remembered for how she is ready to change herself when she knows that she is not right. Her 2nd tenure was flawless and her genuineness was palpable in her discharge of duty.

The other person is GK Vasan! If these two persons join together, certainly that will be golden times for Tamilnadu. Unfortunately, Vasan is seen to be sidelined. If really so, I expect Vasan to come out of Congress and join Jayalalithaa and give combined governance. There is a precedence in his father. It is Vasan's duty as a servant of the people.

Astrologically speaking, Jayalaithaa’s star is on the rise whereas Karunanidhi’s is on the decline. Her annual Tajaka chart starting from Feb next year until the elections show a strong power tide on her favour. The lords of Rajya sahama, karyasiddhi sahama and karma sahama are favouarble and run their patyayini dasa at the time of elections.

In transit, Saturn would not trouble her as it is transiting the sign having 30 ashtakavarga points. Jupiter shifts to the 9th from rasi by 10th May when the results would be expected in normal course. The current Rahu bhukthi would not let her down at the moment as Rahu is the 10th sub cuspal lord. The moon and Mars sub periods in these times would not harm her. The next Jupiter dasa would consolidate her position. 

I could not get a proper image of her palm. But what I can say surely from what I catch from her palm is that her health issue which many talk is infact a non issue. She will live long and healthy.