Monday, September 29, 2008

Vishnu at Thailand airport

Display of Samudra Manthan (churning of the milky ocean) at Thailand airport!

Can this happen in India!?


Speak out and say yes to unity -- Tarun Vijay,flstry-1.cms

Speak out and say yes to unity

28 Sep 2008, 1847 hrs IST (Times of India)

Tarun Vijay

Do we get bad leaders in spite of having good people?

If our people are great, why do we have leaders who fail?

Where are the people if the leaders are not doing what we think they should be doing?

A people so intensely under attack by the terrorists claim to be brave by sitting silently and petitioning state clerks. Those who fear get what they fear.

While China, having superbly completed the Olympics, sent a man for a space walk and Sarah Palin "delighted" our PM in the US with a handshake, India seems to be descending dangerously into communal polarisation, reinforced and powered by a secular lobby. In the process, the morale of the police and other security forces is being affected for they are facing the brunt from terrorists as well as the secularists in the government and the media who are running them down, doubting their intentions and integrity.

Suddenly yardsticks for our judgment have changed. Opinions, morphed as judgments, are passed not on merit or weighing its consequences for the society, but by the yardstick of the colour events wear. The Nanavati Commission's report is to be discarded even before its pages are browsed because the Narendra Modi government instituted it and it shows Hindus as victims. The Bannerjee report is to be trusted because the secular Lalu Yadav instituted it and shows Hindus as aggressors. Strange logic.

Who speaks for the Indian?

Inspector M.C.Sharma's funeral is not to be attended because he shot at Muslims. When the men in khaki arrested the Kanchi Shankaracharya, not a single secular channel or newspaper cast any doubt on the police reports and statements. But when the men in khaki arrested a few from Jamia Milia, doubts were raised immediately and investigative journalism flowered.

Anything written about patriotism, even a good word about Inspector Sharma, is sought to be embarrassed under a general head Hindu media. I read this term being used first time in the aftermath of the Jamia controversy. Anything that Muslims show as a sign of solidarity with the rest of the India and condemnation of terrorism is either blacked out or shown apologetically.

Last week, 21st September to be exact, a few hundred young professional Muslim youth from Okhla and Jamia Nagar organized a silent procession at India Gate in New Delhi. They were condemning terrorism, asking for the harshest punishment for terrorists who use Islam for their crimes, and they wanted to be recognized as patriots. I didn't see the coverage it deserved. Why?

Who is speaking for the Indians who were killed in the Delhi blasts? Why did they have to be turned lifeless in a sudden stroke?

Suddenly a blast occurs and their life is changed. You are going to see a movie, and next moment found dead. Someone bringing his daughter home from school suddenly both are dead in a blast. Gone to market for shopping minutes later a phone call at home says 'Please come to claim the dead body'. Terrorism has changed our lives, our behavior, our language and relations. Yet we feel hesitant to speak out.

What happens to those who were dependent on the terror-struck victim nobody knows? They are not news. Can't we speak about Simran whose father and grandfather were killed in the previous blast – and about Santosh, the sweet little kid who got killed in Mehrauli blast on Saturday?

"Son, what's your religion?" – should that be our first query and decide what is said next?

Hard law is bad, because it was "used" against a particular community. Police is bad because it's arresting and targeting a particular community.

Terror is secular, khaki is suspect

While the nation and her security forces that includes the police too, stand firm to combat terrorism, the state power and the seculars are providing focused support to terrorists and enhancing their morale through statements and casting doubt on the motives of the anti-terror action. India's secular cabinet ministers demanded lifting of a ban on a terrorist organization, proposed Indian citizenship to millions of illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators, refused to say a word of encouragement to the security forces fighting terrorists but publicly assured help to the accused whom police, a part of the government, arrested for blasting Delhi and killing citizens.

All these secular statements had just one consideration __LongTerm__ religion of the groups they want to support or oppose. The seculars have become the worst kind of communal hate spreaders, with their extreme one-sided postures and acidic language. In a way these rabble-rousing seculars have become a security threat affecting the societal fabric and the morale of the policemen and soldiers.

They ordered a communal head count in the army, ignored and downgraded celebrations of Bharat Vijay Diwas, 16th December, and Kargil Vijay Diwas, stopped observing the Pokharan test anniversary in Delhi and failed to show due respect to Field Marshall Manekshaw. All this can't just be exceptions; they show a trend, an attitude.

These are the same elements who represent the governance and by virtue of being cabinet ministers, which ironically includes having taken an oath that obliges them to be loyal to the Constitution, succeed in facilitating comforts for the killers and create an atmosphere in which sympathies for the terrorists are generated and police become suspect with doubtful integrity. Words like __LongTerm__ "they have a soft heart", "they are our children and hence it's our duty to provide them help", "nothing can be said till they are proven guilty", etc __LongTerm__ are bandied about to warn the police and reassure those whom police caught at risk to their lives.

It's good and admirable to stick to a universal assumption that everyone is innocent till proven guilty. But during wartime words spoken publicly have to be weighed against their possible impact on the elements that shoulder the responsibility to safeguard the nation. If you start being celestially virtuous by sympathizing with the pains and difficulties of those who have waged a war on the state, it's bound to paralyze the enthusiasm of patriotic soldiers and civil resistance.

They know their side

In the secular dispensation, to be objective, liberal and broadminded and have sympathies on humanitarian grounds are reserved only for terror groups. Is it a secret that these seculars leave no stone unturned to create an atmosphere where procedural mechanism to punish the guilty is influenced and driven to believe that the arrested criminal is not the culprit, but the victim of an incompetent state apparatus.

Remember how a vigorous campaign to release a lecturer of the same Jamia Milia Islamia was launched in spite of Delhi police submitting a truckload of evidence about his involvement in the attack on Parliament? And the famous case of Abdul Mahdani, declared as the "main accused" in the Coimbatore bomb blast case, which left 58 dead? Karunanidhi went to see him in jail, provided all the facilities, including a regular masseur, and finally when on purely "technical" points he was released, Kerala's Left Front cabinet ministers came out and accorded him a public felicitation?

The charges against Mahdani were as follows:

"Accused No. 14 Mahdani is one of the key conspirators in the Coimbatore bomb blasts case."

"Accused of collecting and transferring explosives to the town, ripped by a series of bomb blasts on February 14, 1998."

"Charged under Sections 302 IPC (Murder); 307 IPC (Attempt to Murder); 153-A IPC (Creating hatred among communities); Section 5 of the Explosives Act and Section 25 of the Arms Act.",flstry-1.cms

Public prosecutor Balasundarm, arguing against Mahdani, had expressed "surprise" over the judgment to release him and said he did a good job in assimilating the voluminous evidence of documents 1785 documents marked as evidence, 1300 witnesses and over 15,000 pages of investigation records. If indeed the case had been presented as thoroughly as claimed, why did it fail?

If such incidents do not open the eyes of the people leading our public life, then what's the course left for a law-abiding patriot?

In any other country facing such a serious serial terror assault, those who publicly empathize with the terrorists would have been tried along with the arrested accused of the blasts.

Speak out and say yes to unity.

It's the emergent duty of the media and political powers to help stop the dangerous polarization taking place in our social circles and polity post-bomb blasts and public shows of secular sympathies for the accused killers.

While care should be taken that no educational institution gets a bad name because of the actions of a few, it's also the duty of the faculty and the students to show solidarity with the terror-struck people. Muslim leaders have to come out openly re-enforcing a citizen's solidarity against terror. If students fail in duty and character, the teachers will have to share the responsibility for their bad behaviour. It's also wrong and false that a few wronged people have taken up guns. What wrongs and if it is indeed so, how many Kashmiri Hindus will have to take up guns?

Rather, the goodness of the religion needs to be publicized and there will be no dearth of other communities joining with such Muslims. So far it's only the Hindus who are coming out openly defending the goodness of the Indian Muslims and their religion. Nobody generalizes the community as terrorists, unlike in Europe and America. This difference remains unrecognized though. Maulanas are silent, teachers do not speak out and the common men suffer in silence. Is that the way we are going to deal with this war? If people dont forge solidarity and revolt and keep looking to politicians for all solutions, even god will think twice about helping them.

Sunday, September 28, 2008

Blessings for long life – ‘Ayushmaan bhava’.

The commonly heard word of blessing from elders is to live long.
Elders bless us with
“Ayushmaan bhava” or “Deerghayushmaan bhava”
when we prostrate before them.

In today’s world of pollution, diseases and struggles of survival in all spheres,
this blessing may be viewed as a curse!
But if we know why long life comes as a blessing,
we may not consider long life as a curse but rather a real blessing
that helps us to make a way out of the bondage
from the world of samsara.

The term of life.

The ideal duration of long life is considered to be 100 years.
The four-faced creator Brahma in whose realm our world is moving forward
has a life of 100 years!
It is in line with this, a life of 100 years is
considered as the ideal or the maximum period
that one can wish for.

This does not negate the 120 year duration spelt by the
Vimshottari dasa system of astrology.
This dasa system is about
the cumulative longevity granted by all the 9 planets of astrology.
This differs in different systems of astrology.
For instance, the cumulative longevity given by 7 planets,
excluding Rahu and Ketu
is 7 years more,
i.e., 127 years, as per Pindayu calculation.
What is inferred from this is that it is possible to live long
for as many as 127 years
provided one’s birth has taken place at a time that guaranteed healthy and long life.

So all this tapers down to good health.
If one is in the pink of health, one need not worry about threat to life.

Life of 100 years is also mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana.
When Sita meets Hanuman in Ashoka vana,
she expresses how true it is that if one were to live for 100 years
he would certainly see joy.
“ehi jeevantam aanando naram varsha shataat api”
is the famous adage she mentioned
" 'Joy rushes to surviving man even though (it be)
as the end of a hundred years' –
this popular adage appears true and auspicious for me."
says Sita.
100 years is time scale – a duration that a man can aspire for.

Another place where we find a mention of 100 years
is in the Sandhya vandana mantras.

On seeing the sun every day,
man must know that a day in his life is gone.
So his prayer is –
`may I see you (the sun) for a hundred years.'
This is explicit in noon- vandana for all,
whereas in the twilight vandana,
both the Sun Himself and the Lord who is in the Sun
bless the worshiper with a hundred years!
A man can live long only when he is free of diseases and
when he is not afflicted with sins.

That is why this component of
removal of sins is also included in sandhya vandana.

Again it is because the sun moves to the same position
in the bha-chakra
once after every 60 years
the man who has lived
to see the Sun for 60 years,
finds himself `born again' and
prays for another round of life on his 61st birth day.
This is the rationale of Sashti abda poorti.

The 60 year cycle of the sun is based on
the 60 rounds it makes in the 5 year cycle of Pancha varshatmaka yuga.
The 5 year cycle of the sun which also sees
2 adhik masas by the moon in the lunar calendar
was the original version of Yuga cycle
as enunciated by Vedic rishis.

These 60 years have been named based on the events predicted for the year
starting from Vijaya, not Prabhava.
This is as per Brihaspatya mana –
the new cycle of this mana (measurement)
begins in 2013 with Jupiter entering Taurus.
But later scholars in astrology incorporated these names of years
into the solar years
and started with Prabhava.

Since 60 years were originally calculated as yuga duration,
we are still following the 60 years + 60 years
to complete a cycle of ascending and descending order.
Though this tallies with Vimshottari dasa calculation,
longevity means Shatayush – 100 years.

Why live long?

There are two reasons for desiring long life.
This is because of the two uses for man’s body.
In other words, man is created or
birth is necessary for two reasons.

One is to sustain others including the chain of creation to go on with out break.
Another is for one’s own spiritual development
so that one is ultimately released from the bondage of birth and death.

Man is required to live long, because
there are many who depend on him for their survival.
-because he has a number of duties and responsibilities to be performed.
(jana samooha kadamai)

Of the 4 ashrama dharmas,
the importance of the Grihastha is stressed
precisely for this reason.
The entire Nature around him depends on him and
therefore he needs to live long.

The devas need him for mutual help.
The living beings need him for their sustenance.

And pithrus need him for their own betterment and
for the sake of well-being of future progeny. (read post labeled as Pithru tarpan)

For the yajnas at man's level, namely the pancha yajnas
(Brahma, deva, pithru, bhootha and manushya),
what is aimed at is sustenance
and continuation of man kind .
At the individual level, what the doer (of yajna) gets is long life!

The Pancha yajnas also have laid down that
when one eats after having made the oblations to the 5 people,
he can not be said to have sinned
or robbed his food from Nature.
Since food and water are the two main
components that make the prana or vital air go on,
these two are offered in the pancha yajna and in nithya karmas.

Food and water – their inseparable connection to life is
given in Chandoghya Upanishad.

Food is eaten and water drunk,
mainly to keep up the life in the body going.
"The prana said: "What will be my food?"
They answered: "Whatever food there is-including that of dogs and

The Upanishad says: All that is eaten is the food of the ana. Ana is
his (i.e. the prana's) direct name. For one who knows this, there
exists nothing which is not food.
He said: "What will be my dress?"

They answered: "Water." Therefore when people eat they cover him (the
prana), both before and after eating, with water. Thus the prana
obtains clothing." (Chandogya)

The above passage is explained in other upanishads too in the context
of why people sip water during various kriyas,
like in the middle of
some mantras, before eating food etc.

The prana is satisfied then and
the Auyush is extended by such mantras-related - water-sipping.

But why should prana, the vital breath be nurtured? Why should one
seek to live in this mortal body?

The answer explains the second reason for desire long life.
It is for enabling oneself to progress in spiritual development.
It is for realizing that deity whom he worships.
If he worships
prana as Brahman, then It is Brahman.
He attains Brahma hood.

"Now there is this verse (sloka):
The gods observed the vow of that from which the sun rises
and in which it sets.
This vow is followed today and this will be followed tomorrow.
The sun rises verily from the prana
(the vital breath in its cosmic form)
and also sets in it.
The gods even today observe the
same vow which they observed then.
Therefore a man should observe a single vow-
that he should perform the
functions of the prana and apana (respiration and excretion),
lest the evil of death should overtake him.
And if he performs them, let him try to complete them.
Through this he obtains identity with that
deity, or lives in the same world with it."
(Brihadaranyaka -Part 1 chapter 3 - verse 23)

In Kathopanishad, yama tells Nachiketas
why body is needed and why longevity is needed.
Yama says that the shariram (body) is the
vehicle for the jiva to reach Sri vaikuntham.
“The jivan enshrined in the body enjoys paramaanandham
in Sri Vaikuntham.
Therefore treat the shariram as a
vehicle capable of transporting the jivan to Vaikuntham.”

Yama tells that the SharIram (body) is a chariot.
The jiva is the yajaman (lord) of the chariot.
And Bhudhdhi is the charioteer.
The chariot is being drawn by the horses which are nothing
but the Indriyas and
it is for the Bhuddhi (charioteer) to control / rein
them using the manas.
The horse may stray anywhere as they like,
but unless the charioteer guides the horses
properly , he can not take the Yajaman
(the jiva – Bhokhtha) to his ultimate destination, Sri Vaikuntham.

In the journey, the chariot, namely, the body is an
important carrier because,
in the absence of it ,
the yajaman can not undertake his journey.
That is why
Yama concludes that the body is the
vehicle for the jiva to reach Sri Vaikutham.

When blessed with a long life,
the one who has become aware of the use of this body
will have utilized the long life for the purpose it is intended,
namely, to do the
“jana samooha kadamai’
(duties and responsibilities to the society as
a grihastha and through Pancha yajnas)
and to work towards spiritual development to attain Him.

This is said to be the “tapas” – a penance
by Taittriya Upanishad
The foremost purpose of blessing one with long life is
that he may be capable of performing
this “TAPAS” in all effectiveness.
The blessing
padinaarum petru peru vaazhvu vaazhga’
is to emphasize that the person be
endowed with the 16 types of wealth in order to
discharge his ‘jana samooha kadamai’.

At the inner level,
Past karma is shed and one moves to a newer equation
with reference to soaring towards Brahman.

A pretty long life, even in good many births is
something great to ask for,
provided the jiva knows how to conduct its journey well
for the purposes it has been ordained to.

Contexts for ‘ayushmaan bhava’.

In Shanti parva, (MB chapter 191)
we find Bheeshma telling the contexts when
one must bless the other with ‘ayushman bhava’
This is in addition to the occasions when
those younger in age pays their respects.
One must bless the other with long life when the other sneezes!

When some sneezes, we have to invoke the power of our speech
To guarantee that the person's life is not lessened
by the disturbance
to his prana (in inhalation and exhalation).
We have to say
`Dheergaayushmaan bhava' when one sneezes.

When one sneezes again, we make our vow strong
by blessing him
`sadhaayushmaan bhava'. (live a 100 years)

There are other times too when others in
the vicinity must ensure that a person is blessed with long life.

Bheeshma lists those occasions as
-when one sees another taking bath
(because by bathing, it means a
day in his life is gone and another day has arrived.)

-when one sees a person in ill-health.

- when one sees a person shaving
(even now we can hear some old
timers say that they are going for `aayush-karma'
while going to have a hair-cut.
This is because hair is supposed to signify power / shakti.
The tuft of hair or kudumi or sikhai in indicative of the
accumulation of spiritual power that one does.
Removal of hair is therefore considered as reducing that power.)

Friday, September 26, 2008

Vedas are not for interpretation!

It is disheartening to see Indian scholars resorting to interpret Vedas to decipher our past history and about the people of ancient Bharath.

I refer to the otherwise wonderful write-up on the Vedic rishis and people of Saraswathi civilization as known from Harappan excavations, that tows the unacceptable line of reading from the Vedas, the people who lived in this land.

It is a matter of concern that even Indian writers have fallen into the folly of ‘reading’ history from Vedas!
From Max muller to modern day writers of foreign origin who have had no inkling of the purpose of Vedas, have done enough dis-service to humanity and to Hindus in particular by incorporating their knowledge into Vedas and inventing stories of Aryan invasion et al.

But the same must not be done by us – who have some idea about what Vedas are about.
Vedas are certainly not for deciphering our past history.

If you want to know about the people or kings who lived in olden days, read the puranas and Ithihasas. They only have chronicled the past of this country.

If you want to know about space, time and science, read the Siddhanthas, tantras, karanas, kosthukas and yantra vidhyas.

If you want to know about Brahma vidya or knowledge of the Brahman
or Supreme Consciousness, read upanishads and Brahma sutras.

If you want to know about a variety of things of mundane nature from earthquakes to animal behavior, read the samhitas.

Vedas do not come anywhere near people and mundane life.
They are not even linked with meanings.
They are basically about acoustics,
-the science of sound that is capable of invoking Gods.

The first 4 vedangas attached to Vedas tell you how to recite Vedas,
the 5th vedanga about when to recite them to extract optimum benefit and
the 6 th vedanga about how to use them as suitable for man
so that man can derive maximum benefits from nature and the Unknown.
That is all about the Vedas.

Any letter becomes shabda (sound or word), when it is twisted in a particular way.
The shabda or word denotes a meaning.
But the meaning is not attached to it, says Sweta ketu to his wife Suvarchala
(Maha bharatha, Shanthi parva, Moksha dharma, chapter 224)
The meaning is like the water on the lotus leaf!
They are together but attached to each other.
It is like the relationship between the earth and the sky.
The earth and sky seem to be touching each other, but in fact they are not.

Any shabda – if have meaning, it will be about perishable and created entity.
But Veda shabda is about imperishable Creator.
The shabda is Him and not the meaning of Him or any other thing of created world.
That is why it is said that Vedas always see Him.
When that sound is made, the Creator is present there!
The Vedas contain many names and words that seem to make sense or non-sense.
But that is not for what Vedas exist.

The only way we can understand this is through musical notes.
The seven swaras obviously have no meaning.
They are just sounds.
But when they are jumbled in particular fashion and
made in numerous ways in a particular jumble called as raga,
say, in Ananda Bhairavi, the mood of joy is felt.
The joy is not made by any meaning of the swaras.
The swaras create the Bhava or experience.
Similarly the vedic recitals create an experience or bhava that is God!
What is of importance is how they are recited in a particular pitch or a particular tone
But not about what they mean.
They only resurrect the God to whom it is directed.

This must be understood first before anyone attempts to know what Vedas say.
They don’t say anything.
They are like swaras – a long string of swaras of specific types to invoke specific deities.

That is why I am not able to digest articles written by quoting Vedas
that they talk about fights – innumerable fights.
One popular outcome of this is the postulation of a very wrong theory of Aryan invasion.
In the article I have quoted
the writers think like many foreign scholars and
have inferred that Rig Veda contains
 reference to 5 types of people
who lived in the Saraswathi basin.

The terms Pancha jana, Pancha jaataa,
pancha maanusha,
Pancha chaarshayah,
Pancha krishtayah,
Pancha Kshitayah etc
that are found at different places in Rig Veda have been interpreted to mean
5 types of people namely Anus, Druhus, Yadus, Turvasas and Purus.

If we look at some of the verses that made them think like this,
we will know it is metaphysical and not about physical entities.
From Rig veda :-
* Seven-sistered, sprung from threefold source, the Five Tribes' prosperer, she must be Invoked in every deed of might.(6-61-12)

* Indra who rules with single sway men, riches, and the fivefold race
Of those who dwell upon the earth. (1-7-9)

* All manliness that is in heaven, with the Five Tribes, or in mid-air,
Bestow, ye Asvins, upon us. (8-9-2)

* The Twain invincible in war, worthy to be renowned in frays,
Lords of the Fivefold. People, these, Indra and Agni, we invoke. (5-86-2)

* Who for the Fivefold People's take hath seated him in every home
Wise, Youthful, Master of the house. (7-15-2)

* Agni, may we show forth our valour with the steed or with the power of prayer beyond all other men;
And over the Five Races let our glory shine high like the realm of light and unsurpassable. (2-2-10)

The repetition of 5 races seem to have become the object of interest.
The mystery about the 5 can be solved
if we look at other related references the 5 are said to be Lorded by Indra and Agni
These two are none but indicators or progenitors of impulses
or sensory perceptions (gyanendriyas)
More on this in the earlier post

There are many 5 told in Vedas and other texts.
There are 5 qualities essential for attaining Brhama.
There are 5 purushas or sheaths that rest on the one seeking Brahma gyana.
There once lived a Rishi by name Panchashikha, (one having 5 tufts of hair on his head)
Since he had milk of a rishi-patni Kapila, he came to be known as Kapileya.
Bheeshma on arrow- bed tells about his story to Yudhisthira
on how preached Brahma gyana to king Janaka
that enabled him to shed remorse and sorrow when his city was on flames.

Panchashikha was so-called because of 5 qualities needed for knowing Brahman.
These qualities are
Damam – restraint
Samam – equanimity
Uparati – ceasing – like dead
Titiksha – renunciation
Samadhana – capability to put together issues to arrive at a solution.

These 5 qualities are controlled by Indra (lord of sense impulses / indriyas)
and agni (which swallows desires)
The rationale conveyed is that one must burn desires and control the indriyas.
This is indicated by the Rig Vedic verses on the five people
who are born with one (pancha jana)
- Born of a particular fashion (pancha jati)
- Born of thought (Pancha manusha - manusha is derived from the root word which means ‘to think’)
- Always moving about and not fixed (Pancha chaarshayah)
- needed to be cultivated (Pancha krishtayah)
and are of earthy nature (Pancha Kshitayah)

By overcoming these 5, one attains what rishi Panchashikha attained –
the crown of 5 tufts on his head!
Usually a shikha or kudumi or tuft of hair is sported to protect or cover or crown
the top-most naadi of man, namely the Brahma randhram
that is situated on the top of the head.
If a person is qualified to attain Liberation / has gained Brahma gyana,
his soul exits through this top part, at the time of death.
The tuft is supposed to have power –
or is an indicator of power of qualities required to ‘see’ Brahman
Such Liberation is possible only if a person has practiced the 5 qualities.
Since Liberation is the ultimate goal of Brahma gyana
the Vedas speak about the 5 qualities as 5 people who have to be nurtured well.
This is how we must try to relate the Vedic passages.

What must be our policy in Kashmir? - Dr Subramanian Swamy

Kashmir defines Indian identity

Subramanian Swamy

India should henceforth refuse to engage in any dialogue on Kashmir except one in which the other side accepts the whole of Kashmir as an integral and inalienable part of India.

Recently, some columnists have advocated that India should let go of Kashmir. While not wanting to wear patriotism on my sleeve, I would say that the silent suffering majority of India wants none of this. The 'Kashmir issue,' in fact, can no more be solved by dialogue either with the Pakistanis or the Hurriyat, leave alone the constitutional impossibility of allowing it to secede. This is because we do not know what kind of Pakistan there will be in a few years from now.

The Pakistan army today, according to all informed sources available to me, has a majority of captains and colonels who owe allegiance to the Taliban and Islamist fundamentalism. In another five years, these middle ranks will reach, through normal promotions, the corps commander level. We know that the government in Pakistan has always been controlled by the seven corps commanders of the army. Therefore a Taliban government in Pakistan five years hence seems a highly probable outcome. Jihad, that is, war against India will be the logical consequence of that outcome.

Since the Hurriyat in Kashmir is an organisation that cannot go against Pakistan, India has about five years to prepare for a decisive and defining struggle with Pakistan. We must prepare to win it to avoid the balkanisation of India. We therefore should refute those Indian columnists, academics, and politicians who crave or preen themselves on being popular in Pakistan, by sounding reasonable and secular on the issue of Kashmir.

Never part with it

Kashmir, in fact, is now our defining identity. It is a touchstone for our resolve to preserve our national integrity. The population of that State may be majority Muslim but the land and its history is predominantly Hindu. For our commitment to the survival of the ancient civilisation of India and the composite culture that secularists talk of, we have not only to win that coming inevitable war but also resolve never to part with Kashmir.

I will not blame the jihadis for the coming war. They are, after all, programmed that way by their understanding of Islamist theology. I will blame ourselves for not understanding their understanding of the fundamentals of Islam. It is foolish therefore in the face of this reality to expound the banal sentiment that "all Muslims are not terrorists or fanatics." Of course that proposition is true.

However, the Islam of the cutting edge of Muslim fundamentalism by leaders such as Osama Bin Laden is in Sira and Hadith, and now increasingly followed in Pakistan. It calls on the faithful to wage war against the infidels (who cannot strike back effectively) and crush them. This is why the Kashmiri Hindu Pandits were driven out in the first place.

The struggle for Kashmir by the jihadis is thus not just for independence. By their own declaration, they want a Darul Islam there, with the state becoming a part of the Caliphate. We cannot allow, in our national security interests, such a state to emerge on our frontiers. Hence the question of parting with Kashmir cannot arise. We have to go all out to retain Kashmir as part of India wherein Hindus and Muslims can live in peace and harmony.

Pakistanis often cite the United Nations resolutions on Kashmir to argue for a plebiscite. This obfuscates the fact of accession of the State to India. The legality of the Instrument of Accession signed in favour of India by the then Maharaja of J&K, Hari Singh, on October 26, 1947 has to prevail anyway. To disregard it will create a plethora of legal issues, including what will become the status of the Maharaja if we abrogate this Instrument and re-open the question of Partition itself. In that case, for example, will Dr. Karan Singh, Maharaja Hari Singh's son, have a claim to be regarded again as an independent and sovereign King of J&K?

On the Junagadh issue, Pakistan held the Instrument once signed to be "final, irrevocable, and not requiring the wishes of the people to be ascertained [emphasis added]." That is the correct legal position. But the Junagadh Nawab, after signing the Instrument in favour of Pakistan, invaded the neighbouring princely states, states that had acceded to India. This violated the terms of the Indian Independence Act (1947) enacted by the British Parliament. So when the Indian Army was moved by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to defend these areas, the Nawab, fearful of the consequences, ran away to Pakistan. His subjects, mostly Hindu and abandoned, welcomed the Indian army to Junagadh.

Furthermore, on what legal basis can we de novo seek to ascertain the wishes of the people of J&K as Pakistan asks, when the Indian Independence Act makes no provision for this? After all, it was this same Act that created a legal entity called Pakistan, carved out from united India. India under the Act was a settled and continuing entity out which the British Parliament made a new entity called Pakistan. Never in previous history was there was a country called Pakistan. The idea itself was conceptualised as recently as 1940 and legalised only in 1947.

By what mechanism then can Pakistan seek to amend or even disregard the Act, without unwittingly undermining the legal status of Pakistan itself? That is, if the Instrument of Accession is called into question, will not Partition itself be subject to challenge as without legal basis on the same consideration?

I raise this question also because of the constitutional futility of pursuing the issue of the secession of Kashmir. In the case of Beruberi in Eastern India, the transfer of that area to Bangladesh, although agreed to, has been enmeshed in prolonged litigation in the Indian Supreme Court. This is because Article 1 of the Indian Constitution bars the de-merger of any Indian territory after 1950.

Another argument advanced by these columnists is that if Kashmiri Muslims do not want live in India, it is against human rights to force them to do so. That argument is contradicted by the Bangladesh example. The area of that country was first created by Partition. In 1971, Indian army jawans created Bangladesh out of Pakistan in circumstances well known to all. But despite that, millions of Bengali Muslims have come into India as illegal immigrants and are quite happy to be working with Hindus in India. But Partition was agreed to by Hindus for those Muslims whom Jinnah said could not bear to live under alleged Hindu hegemony. Now, after getting their territory, a large number of Bangladeshis Muslims are voting with their feet to proclaim that they are happy to live in India with Hindus.

Similarly, after getting Kashmir as an independent country, Kashmiri Muslims may, like their Bangladesh counterparts, come to live in India anyway! What then is the point of severing Kashmir from India as these columnists suggest?

India should henceforth refuse to engage in any dialogue on Kashmir except one in which the other side accepts the whole of Kashmir as an integral and inalienable part of India. The people of Kashmir should be left in no doubt in their mind where the overwhelming number of citizens of India stand on the future of the State. Therefore, those who, at this crucial juncture of our history, advocate any dilution of this stand are leading the people of Kashmir to more misery. They are encouraging the forces of jihad to keep at their nefarious activities by raising hopes that, with rising costs, India will capitulate. Any democratically elected Indian government knows that it can never capitulate on issues of national integrity and risk an upheaval. The Ramar Setu and Amarnath issues have proved that beyond doubt. Advocating letting go of Kashmir therefore is a dangerous exercise in futility.

(The writer is a former Union Law Minister.)



by Subramanian Swamy

This article was submitted on july 16, 2008. It was a lecture delivered on July 9, 2008 to Indian students and American scholars at MIT.

I believe that the Kashmir "issue"[1] can no more be solved by dialogue either with the Pakistanis or the Hurriyat[2] This is because the Pakistan army has now a majority of captains and colonels owing allegiance to the Taliban. In another five years, they will reach, by promotions, the corp commander level. We know that the government in Pakistan is controlled by the seven corp commanders of the army. Therefore a Taliban government in Pakistan is inevitable and a jehad against India the logical consequence of the same. In turn the Hurriyat is an organization that cannot go against Pakistan.

Hence India has about five years to prepare for a decisive and defining war with Pakistan and we must prepare to win it. We therefore have to throw out of office in the coming elections all those Indian politicians who crave or preen themselves on being popular in Pakistan by sounding reasonable and secular as also equivocating on every issue. For the survival of the ancient civilization of India we have to win that inevitable war and recover the whole of Kashmir.

I will not blame the jehadis for the coming war. They are after all programmed that way by Islamic theology. I will blame ourselves for not understanding the fundamentals of Islam as propounded in the Sira and the Hadith. It teaches that if Muslims are in a majority, they must rule [Darul Islam], and then everyone else is a dhimmi and a kafir who do not have equal rights of worship. Thus in Saudi Arabia, you cannot even display a picture of a Hindu god inside your own home! When Muslims are in a hopeless minority, then Sira and Hadith urges Muslims to make a deal with the majority and make no demands [Darul Ahad]. In US and Australia for example, Muslims will therefore never ask for separate shariat personal law. If Muslims are not hopelessly in a minority, then Islam directs that true Muslims conduct subversions and act against all human values to leverage their position [Darul Harab] to become of defining influence in the polity and ultimately rulers. We saw this in Kashmir recently when the government was made to cave in on the most humane gesture of allotting land to make Hindu pilgrims feel comfortable while on arduous journey to Amarnath caves. And we have it on the authority of the Chief Minister of the state that the agitation against the allotment was financed by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.

It is foolish therefore in the face of this reality to expound the banal sentiment that "all Muslims are not terrorists or fanatics". Of course that is true. Or that Koran is a message of peace. May be it is. However, the Islam of the cutting edge of Muslim thought propounded by leaders such as Osama Bin Laden is in Sira and Hadith, which calls on the faithful to wage war against the infidels who cannot strike back effectively and crush them.

The struggle for Kashmir by the jehadis thus is not just for independence. They instead want a Darul Islam there and for the state to become a part of the Caliphate. Hindus are a special target because despite Iran, Iraq, Egypt and other countries becoming majority Muslim after less than two decades of conquest and brutalization, India after a thousand years of massacres, mayhem and rape remained dominantly Hindu. This is a living affront for the fundamentalist Muslim, and in their seminaries and madrassas in Iran and Saudi Arabia, they even today debate and agonize over it.

Contrary to the British imperialist propaganda, Hindus did not just lie down and be conquered by foreign invaders. Hindu fighting spirit had never dimmed even if weakened by traitors within. Periodically Hindus rose in revolt symbolized by the Vijayanagaram empire [which lasted 300 years] or in Shivaji's bravery, or Guru Gobind Singh's campaigns or the Mahratta national onslaught.

Most of us thus remained Hindus, defiant, even if in poverty and misery singing Vande Mataram.[3] This is the true history of India which the fundamentalist Muslim and the British imperialist historians cannot bear to acknowledge.

Accommodation and compromise with Islamic terrorists is self-defeating and suicidal. We have instead to fight back, for which Kashmir is the starting point. Hindu renaissance, long overdue, will be nurtured if we look for an opportunity to seize back the occupied areas of Kashmir, and make the jehadis feel that in India there can only be Darul Ahad for Muslims. We had opportunities earlier to demonstrate that: e.g.,in 1948, 1971, 1999, and 2001. But we let it go.

Hence, let there be no more intellectual confusion about the identity of India as a Hindu Rashtra [Nation], which means a land of Hindus and those others who acknowledge proudly that their ancestors are Hindus. If Muslims acknowledge this truth, then they are welcome as a part of our family. And those who do not so acknowledge cannot be equal citizens in India. Hence, we shall not agree to any more truncation of Indian territory

We have to therefore disown UN Resolutions and India-Pakistan treaties such as signed in Simla [1972] as unauthorized Nehruvian policy blunders. The legality of the Instrument of Accession signed in favour of India by the then Maharaja of J&K on October 26, 1947 has to prevail. Otherwise it will create a plethora of legal issues including what will become the status of the Maharaja if we abrogate this Instrument. Will Dr. Karan Singh, the son of Maharaja Hari Singh, have then a claim to be regarded again as an independent and sovereign King of J&K? In the Junagadh issue, Pakistan had held the Instrument once signed is "final, irrevocable, and not requiring the wishes of the people to be ascertained". That is the correct position. But the Junagadh Nawab after signing the Instrument in favour of Pakistan, invaded the neighbouring princely states, states which had acceded to India. So when the Indian Army was moved by Patel to defend these areas, the Nawab ran away to Pakistan. His subjects were mostly Hindu who then welcomed the Indian army.

Furthermore, on what legal basis can we de novo seek to ascertain the wishes of the people of J&K when the Indian Independence Act [1947] passed by the British Parliament makes no provision for the same? After all it was this same Act which created a legal entity called Pakistan, carved out from the united India. India under the Act was a settled and continuing entity out which the British Parliament made a new entity called Pakistan. Never in previous history there was ever a country called Pakistan. The concept itself was formulated only in 1947.

By what mechanism can then Pakistan today seek to amend or even de-recognise the Act without unwittingly undermining the legal status of Pakistan itself? That is, if the Instrument of Accession is called into question, will not Partition itself be subject to challenge as without legal basis on the same consideration? I raise this question also because in the case of Beruberi in Eastern India, the transfer of that area to Bangla Desh although agreed to, has been enmeshed in prolonged litigation in the Indian Supreme Court because of Article 1 of the Indian Constitution which bars de-merger of any Indian territory after 1950.

Indian army jawans[4] created Bangla Desh out of Pakistan. But despite that, and drunk with their Darul Islam status, the Bengali Muslims have not only driven out the Hindus or butchered them or forcibly converted them but millions of Bengali Muslims have sneaked into India and are happily working with Hindus in India. Partition was agreed to by Hindus only for those Muslims who could not bear to live under Hindu hegemony. And now after getting their territory, they cannot now say that they are happy to live in India with Hindus.

Hence, a virat Hindu Rashtra [nation] should tell Bangla Desh to take back their Muslims or hand over one-third of Bangla Desh territory as compensation. If they do not agree, then we must send two divisions of Indian army from Sylhet to Khulna and annex one third of north Bangla Desh as our due for bearing the economic and political burden of Bangla Deshis in our country. This will make our access to Assam and Northeast much easier too.But most of all it will send a powerful and salutary signal to Pakistani terrorists that Hindus will no more be passive.

These actions are possible if we gear up diplomatically for it. Today the world is sick of the terrorism and the greed of Muslims nations to make money out the sale of oil which they have got by sheer accident of geology. Hence, we must make strong allies. Israel is one such country. We must find ways to make China see our interests. It can be done if we know how to come to an understanding with them. This is essential for isolating Pakistan. At present China has begun to see the tinder box that Pakistan has become. Uighurs from Xinjiang have been to madrassas of Pakistan for training in subversion in Urumuchi and to sabotage the Beijing Olympics This worries China. It should concern us too.

Hence to lay the foundation for the liberation of Kashmir, we must have President's Rule for some time. India should refuse to engage in any dialogue on Kashmir in which the other side does not accept the whole of Kashmir as an integral and inalienable part of India. The people of Kashmir should be left in no doubt in their minds where the citizens of Hindu Rashtra stand on the future of the state: that it lies with us. Every Hindu has a claim on Kashmir. I for one claim it because my gotra [lineage, clan] is Kashyapa. It was RShi Kashyapa who invented Kashmir out the Dal lake. Hence my claim.

We should undo the "cleansing" of the state of Kashmiri Hindu Pandits by sending 1 million ex-servicemen and families into the Kashmir valley for re-settlement. Article 370 of the Constitution will have to be removed for that purpose, but according to the Constitution itself, it is supposed to be a "temporary provision" not requiring a Parliamentary two-thirds majority for amendment. It can be erased by a Presidential Notification on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet.

Then we await a war. We do not have to go to war with Pakistan on Kashmir because a Talibanised Pakistan will provide us with the opportunity. What I am advocating here is that we prepare mentally and militarily for that eventuality, and having been provided that opportunity, go for the jackpot -- to use an American slang.

Editor's End Notes (Not part of the Original article)

[1] Kashmir Issue. Because of agitation by Indian Muslims, India was partitioned in 1947 into two independent states: India and Pakistan. This was accompanied by a large population exchange. When the dust settled, Pakistan was mostly Muslim, India was Hindu with a sizable Muslim population. To read the excellent analysis by Jeffrey Weiss, "India and Pakistan -- a Cautionary Tale for Israel and Palestine," click here. Muslims have continued to agitate for more territory.

[2] The Hurriyat is an umbrella group of Muslim political, business and religious organizations, which have banded together to promote Kashmir separatism. As noted on "Since the international community frowned upon the resort to violence by non-state actors, the Hurriyat was an ideal platform to promote the Kashmiri secessionist cause." The Hurriyat views Kashmir as the 'unfinished agenda of Partition.'

[3] Vande Mataram ("Hail to the Mother(land") is India's especially beloved song, its nationalist song, which since the late 1800s conveyed the Indian desire to be free of British rule. It visualizes the nation as Mother Durga, a Hindu goddess. It was rejected as the national anthem because its imagery was considered offensive to Muslims.

[4] Young man. Private soldier.

Subramanian Swamy is an economist, who has taught on the university level both in India and U.S.A. He was a founding member of the Janata Party in India and has served as a cabinet minister. He has promoted normalizing relations with China and Israel. Contact him by email at