Thursday, March 19, 2020

Does Agnihotra Homa offer protection from Corona virus?

Published in  PGurus

With the pandemic spread of Coronavirus (Covid-19) across the globe, parallel researches are taking place to cure the infection and develop vaccines to prevent the infection. A number of research findings are also pouring in from all sides to improve the immunity from the attack of this virus. But what goes missing is the realization that we indeed possess the most potent weapon against this virus in the form of the Vedic Homa called Agnihotra.

The name Agnihotra gained widespread attention soon after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy in 1984 when it was found that four or five families living near the Bhopal railway station remained unaffected by the poisonous gas that surrounded them. Seeing the inevitable staring at them the families decided to stay back and do Agnihotra Homa. And wonder of wonders they were the sole survivors in that part of the city affected by the leaking gas. This prompted researchers from Russia, Germany and Poland to descend on the city to find out the causes for their survival. The scientists of the Indian Defence and Research Department also evinced interest in the research[1]

Following this, many research findings started coming in of which I heard for the first time that cow dung has nuclear toxin and poison resisting property when smeared on the walls and sprinkled every day in the front of the house. Then came the incredible result on what saved the survivors. It was Agnihotra Homa done by them at the time of gas leak. It was also said that they had been doing it regularly in the past. Subsequently many tests were conducted and a model was evolved to get maximum benefits.

By the 1990s, a group of dedicated volunteers spanned across the country to spread the message of Agnihotra. It was through one of them I learned to perform this Homa. In my observation I found the visible organisms generally present in a house, namely cockroaches, lizards and spiders disappeared after some months of practicing Agnihotra. In the course of few years after regularly doing this Homa, I observed that Idly batter did not ferment effectively even during peak summer season. The only plausible explanation I could think was that the yeast naturally present in the air was wiped out. These observations over the years are the basis of my deduction that doing Agnihotra can be a good option to keep our surroundings sterile, especially in the current crisis of threat from novel Coronavirus (Covid-19)

The following video gives a demonstration of how to perform this Homa.

The Homa must be performed twice a day at sunrise and sunset and on all days of one’s life. It takes less than 5 minutes to do this Homa.  Details of the materials used, and instructions are given at the end of this article. 

Is Agnihotra proven to destroy virus?

Now the crucial question is - does this Homa kill Viruses such as Covid-19? The researches that continue to happen have revealed that Agnihotra fire and smoke remove biological, chemical and physical pollutants in the air. The biological pollutants are pathogenic bacteria and viruses present in the atmosphere around us.  Several studies have confirmed a drastic reduction in the bacterial count to less than 10% after 12 hours of doing the Homa, by which time the next round of the same Homa must start. [2] The discussion [3] with Dr Ulrich Berk of Germany gives a detailed exposition of various researches done by him and the effect of Agnihotra smoke and ash on human health and soil health and also the potency of the Homa in reducing pathogenic bacteria while not affecting beneficial bacteria. Some intriguing facts not yet understood by science are also given by him for further research.

Among the other researches, the one done by Nautiyal etal [4] on medicinal smoke from the materials of the Homa is noteworthy. He observes that  the “Absence of pathogenic bacteria Corynebacterium urealyticum, Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens, Enterobacter aerogenes (Klebsiella mobilis), Kocuria rosea, Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae, Staphylococcus lentus, and Xanthomonas campestris pv. tardicrescens in the open room even after 30 days is indicative of the bactericidal potential of the medicinal smoke treatment.”

One may be left to wonder why all these researches talk only about destruction of pathogenic bacteria by the medicinal smoke from Homa and there is no information on their activity on viruses. A possible reason could be that bacteria can be cultured in artificial culture media and observed for research, but it is not so for viruses. Viruses are parasitic and need living cells to multiply. They attach to a living host-body for growth and multiplication. Therefore, it is not possible to culture them in artificial culture medium and need living host or complex cell/ tissue culture medium. However, there are many researches, that describe the chemicals that can destroy or de-activate the virus by targeting the structural cellular protein components of the virus.

In the case of Coronavirus, it has been found out that there is an “integral membrane protein involved in several aspects of the virus’ life cycle, such as assembly, budding, envelope formation, and pathogenesis.” [5] If this membrane is damaged the virus material cannot sustain.

Based on this feature, breaking this membrane is proposed as the best solution to destroy the Coronavirus (Covid-19). Since soap and alcohol-based sanitizers break the membrane they are recommended for killing this virus. An illustration from NewYork Times is reproduced below to show how this works.[6]

Can Agnihotra damage the protective protein layer of the 

This question gains importance in finding out whether Agnihotra Homa can be a potent weapon against Covid-19.

The research done by Girish Pathade and Pranay Abhang  of Fergusson College of Pune[7] shows loss of capsule formation of a pathogenic bacteria called Klebsiella pneumonia when exposed to Agnihotra ash.

They also found out that the microbial content in the air drastically reduced after exposure to Agnihotra fumes. The effect was high within 10 feet distance from the Homa pot and reduced successively. Ideally the effect was noticed within 30 feet distance from Agnihotra Homa pot.

The ability of the smoke of Agnihotra fire to destroy the cell wall of bacteria must be applicable to the protein membrane protection of the viruses too.

The experiments done by Rahul Raveendran Nair [8]is a big leap forward in this direction. His research indicates that Agnihotra Homa does produce hydrocarbons in the air that “undergo partial oxidation and produce methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and formic and acetic acids”. Here it is noteworthy to observe that the alcohols that are released in the Homa smoke are similar to the alcohol-based liquid hand sanitizers (with alcohol concentration of 60%) that is recommended for inactivating the Coronavirus[9]

Pathade et al.6 (Fergusson College of Pune) used rice as an offering and observed reduction in microbial content and loss of capsule formation in the bacteria. In RR Nair’s experiment7 
Navadhanyas (9 types of grains) were used that led to the formation of 17 compounds of alcohol in the air that remained in the air for a maximum duration of 30 minutes. The following Table giving the list of hydrocarbon / ethyl compounds is reproduced from his paper.

RR Nair further reports that “all these volatile substances spread out into the surrounding atmosphere and are subjected to the photochemical reactions with sunlight and form various compounds, which may be the reason behind the strict instructions to perform agnihotra during daytime (sunlight is a major factor)7

He further notes, “.. partial oxidation of various aromatic hydrocarbons certainly produces formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is the most basic form of an antimicrobial aldehyde and is known to be a reactive antimicrobial as it reacts with proteins and peptides in microorganisms and kills them. While agnihotra is being performed, a small amount of formaldehyde, along with water vapor, is always produced.”

Hence, it is reasonable to conclude that regular performance of Agnihotra Homa at a gap of 12 hours (sunrise and sunset) everyday ensures continuous fumigation of the air around thereby preventing the threat from harmful viruses such as Covid-19.

My earnest appeal to scientists around the world working on containing this virus is to work on the medicinal implications of this Homa and bring out an optimum combination to destroy the Covid-19 virus.

Is this Agnihotra Homa same as the Traditional Agnihotra

This question arises due to the fact that traditionally milk is offered in the fire though other kinds of offerings such as grains including rice are permitted. Traditional Agnihotra Homa is a long procedure done on the traditional Vedi (sacrificial altar) by boiling milk in Agnihotrasthaali (pot) in Grhya fire, drawing the fire from Grhya to Ahavaniya and making the offerings in Ahavaniya fire. The experimentally produced Agnihotra pot avoids this but retains the shape of the Ahavaniya altar.

Though every householder is ordained to do Agnihotra every day at sunrise and sunset, there are different schools of thought  on when to perform: immediately before or soon after sunrise or sunset or little later. But all texts are unanimous in stating that it must be done close to sunrise and sunset time. The experiments had taken note of the slight variations in time and arrived at a conclusion that exact sunrise and sunset is the ideal time.

The use of rice as the offering is mandatory in Aupasana which is also to be done at sunrise and sunset with the two line mantra. But only two deities, namely Surya and Agni are worshiped in Aupasana. The third deity Prajapati worshiped in Agnihotra  Homa makes the experimentally deduced Homa a simplified form of Agnihotra. Only Surya, Agni and Prajapati are regarded as the deities of Agnihotra. [10] 

Our Sutras advocate that Agnihotra can be done in Grhya fire too. Examples include:
On bringing home the bride after marriage along with the nuptial fire (domestic fire that will be used forever thereafter), the man is ordained to do Agnihotra in that Grhya fire.[11]

If he likes he may (perform the sacrifice) with rice, barley, or sesamum.”[12]

He should sacrifice in the evening with (the formula), 'To Agni svâhâ!' in the morning with (the formula), 'To Sûrya svâhâ!' Silently the second (oblations) both times.”[13]

RR Nair’s experiment7 showed the temperature levels needed for creating the desired compounds and oxides in the air. The traditional Homa done in the traditional Vedi made of earth and other materials prescribed by the texts attain the desired temperature with prolonged procedures. The original experiment done on Agnihotra in the wake of Bhopal gas tragedy seems to have taken this factor into account and after testing with various methods had arrived at the specifications of a copper pyramid which quickly transmits heat. The temperature noticed at the bottom, mid-level and above the fire have been documented and it appears that the use of copper pot of specified size matches with the temperature generated in the traditional Vedi through prolonged procedure.

Yet another difference is the silent chanting of the second mantra both in morning and evening Agnihotra. This pertains to the offering to Prajapati. In the experimentally deduced Agnihotra Homa, this mantra also must be uttered out. But both the times the mantras must be uttered with specific intonation which one can find out in my demonstration video. 

Now a brief account on the materials needed:

1.         Pyramidal Copper pot set containing 5 items. (This can be ordered online)
2.         Cow dung cake (dried)
3.         Dried twigs of any of the 5 trees – Banyan, Peepal, Bilwa (Aegle marmelos), Palasha (Butea monosperma / பூவரசு), Udumbara (Ficus racemosa / அத்தி )
4.         Cow’s ghee
5.         Unbroken and unpolished rice.
6.         Oil lamp to light. Gingelly oil or ghee lamps preferred.
7.         2 pieces of Camphor.
8.         Sunrise and sunset times of each day for one’s location.

The Homa must be done exactly at sunrise and sunset every day. It can be done within 5 minutes. There is no caste, religion, gender and age difference reflected in the results of Homa in the researches. However the woman during her monthly periods is advised not to touch any of the materials and not do the Homa. The results were found to be less when tested.

Only 2 mantras are found to give the maximum benefits when they tested with all the mantras. They tested in different languages and with meanings, but none of them produced the same result as was done in Sanskrit mantra.

They must be recited in a particular intonation as demonstrated in the video.

The morning mantra:
Suryaya Svaha/ Suryaaya idam na mama//
Prajapataye Svaha / Prajapataye idam na mama//

The evening mantra
Agnaye Svaha/ Agnaye idam na mama//
Prajapataye Svaha / Prajapataye idam na mama//

With an appeal to all to do this Homa every day for one’s own health and for keeping the air clean around oneself, I expect newer experiments with this Homa to combat the threat from deadly viruses like corona virus.

In the experiments done by scientists after the Bhopal gas tragedy it was detected through Kirlian photography that the practitioners of Agnihotra had developed healthy ‘Aura’.[14] Healthy aura gives rise to mental peace and heightened awareness of the Self.  
Let everyone perform this simple Homa and live happy and healthy.
Lokah Samastah Sukhino Bhavantu!

[1] “Agnihotra” Sura Books Page 2

[2] “Scientific aspects of Agnihotra: Purification of the atmosphere by the Agnihotra - Part 1. (2018)

[3] “Scientific research on Agnihotra and Homa Therapy”  (Jan 2020)

[4] “Medicinal smoke reduces air-borne bacteria” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2007)
Volume 114, Issue 3, 3 December 2007, Pages 446-451

[5] “Coronavirus envelope protein: current knowledge” Dewald Schoeman & Burtram C. Fielding
Virology Journal volume 16, Article number: 69 (2019)

[6] “How Coronavirus hijacks your cells”
 By Jonathan Corum and Carl ZimmerUpdated March 13, 2020

[7] “Scientific study of Vedic Knowledge Agnihotra”, G. R. Pathade, Pranay Abhang Department of Biotechnology, Fergusson College, Pune
Published in Bharatiya Bouddhik Sampada A Quarterly Science Research Journal of Vijnana Bharati 43rd – 44th Issue, February - June 2014

[8] “Agnihotra Yajna: A Prototype of South Asian Traditional Medical Knowledge” Rahul RaveendranNair
Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Volume 10, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages 143-150

[9] CDC Statement for Healthcare Personnel on Hand Hygiene during the Response to the International Emergence of COVID-19   

[10] Asvalayana Grhya Sutra, I-2-2.2

[11] Asvalayana Grhya Sutra, 1-9-4.4

[12] Asvalayana Grhya Sutra, 1-9-6, Sâṅkhâyana-Grihya SutraI, I, 12;  Âsvalâyana-Srauta Sutra, II, 2.

[13] Asvalayana Grhya Sutra, 1-9-7

[14] “Agnihotra” Sura Books, page 4

UPDATE on 23rd June 2020

It is coming to be known that hemoglobin count gets reduced with progression of Covid 19 attack in a person. Researches have shown that this virus inhibits the ability of the RBC to attach iron. It ruptures the RBC. This is called 'haemolytic" activity. Certain bacteria such as Staphylococcus and Klebsiella pneumoniae are found to cause 'haemolytic" activity, clinically known as autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA). The same syndrome of AIHA is reported in Covid 19 cases.

In this regard let me add another research by  Girish Pathade and Pranay Abhang  of Fergusson College of Pune, quoted in the article . They tested for haemolytic activity on these bacteria and found that the bacteria lost haemolytic activity upon exposure to agnihotra ash (reproduced below). This means Covid 19's propensity for haemolytic  activity also will be affected by Agnihotra. 

Based on this it is suggested not to disturb the ash once the homa is over. Let the homa ash continue to remain in the kunda for 12 hours until the next homa starts. 


Badri said...

Amma, can people living outside India do the traditional agni hotra homam?

Jayasree Saranathan said...

One may raise doubts about caste etc for doing traditional Agnihotra Homa, but thinking of it such a person could have received training from a traditional Agni Hotri only. That he had been formally initiated into it is reason enough that he is competent enough to perform it. Many foreign researchers of this Homa know better the intricacies of traditional Homa than most of us in India. The unfortunate fact is that there are only a hundreds of Agnihotris in India. Atleast after knowing about its benefits lets hope more people take up traditional Agnihotra.

Unknown said...

Namaskaram madam,
This is desikan govindarajan from chennai, i would like to know if there is a proper place to learn astrology in chennai. May i seek your guidance on this auspicious day of ammavasya. I would be thankful to get a response from you whenever time permits
Kindest regards

skm said...

Ma'am. Do you think this virus is a natural phenomenon or a man made scenario from the astrological perspective.

mythra81 said... been doing for a decade now......definitely improved my immunity and health and fertility and health of trees in my garden despite chemtrails sprayed to cause harm to the environment in my area

Jayasree Saranathan said...

@ skm,

// Ma'am. Do you think this virus is a natural phenomenon or a man made scenario from the astrological perspective.//

Some unethical element is palpable in the outbreak. Just now uploaded my analysis here

Will be posting the same in this blogspot too tomorrow.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

@ mythra81

Kudos to you for doing the homa.

Pranams to you.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

Namaskaram Sri Desikan Govindarajan.

I would suggest you to join University courses (distance eductaion). Sastra is doing well. You may check their website and decide. Recently I found that Vels also offering under graduate and PG courses, I am not aware of private persons teaching astrology.If not keen on taking up a course, I suggest you to start with Brahma Rishi Vakhyam (Tamil)(available in Giri)and BV Raman's books.

All the best

Unknown said...

Thanks very much for your response.

Unknown said...


Balaji said...

Namaskaram. Balaji from Bangalore. Interested in doing agni hotram. Morning I can do but in the evening by the time I return from office will be very late. Can the agni hotram be done I've in the morning due to circumstances. Shall be thankful for clarifying.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

@ Balaji,


The kind of Agnihotra given here is more for healing the atmosphere than for spiritual or religious sadhana. As far as possible try to stick to time to get maximum benefits. Since anyone can do this, you may get other members of your family do it at sunset. If not, do it within 2 hours after sunset. Studies have shown that the smoke has anyway medicinal property. In these times of covid fears, this is much needed.

Rangarajan said...

Blending science into our ancient value system should trigger and open our degraded value system,, brought about by misplaced caste system and misplaced priorities.. hope every one wakes uo to the realities atleast now... times of crisis

Rangarajan said...

Blending science and ancient practices shall open the eyes many non believers... including myself.. a non practitioner but a believer!!
Great effort in researching thru,, amazedcamazed at that idly dough "refused to ferment" etcetc
Kirlian photography.. german interest !!.since we indian psychology trusts only foreign power that be !"
Let us see what awaits this present global pandemic and how such a research helps..

மணிகண்டன்.பா said...

Hi Madam, Gone through your detailed study about Agnihotra. Very impressive. But the virus is not air bound. It spreads from the spillage of saliva of an active carrier. If this being the case, I am afraid how could Agnihotra help destroying a virus which is not air bound. Pls clarify.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

Thanks Mr Manikandan for your valuable comment.

You have written that the virus "spreads from the spillage of saliva of an active carrier." That is why everyone is advised to wear the mask. What is the basis for this advice unless the virus lingers on air as aerosol for sometime?

A recent paper (June 13, ) published in ncbi states "The case studies found worldwide indicate that the behavior of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has been unprecedentedly unique with more survival and viable rates in the air and believed to linger in the air for an extended period." The research takes into account close contact areas such as aeroplanes, passenger cars, cinema theatre / conference halls. Whether it lingers in huge droplets or as aerosols is under study. But in any case it stays on air for sometime before it settles down on a surface.

This agnihotra releases oxides, or causes changes in chemical composition of air that pervades all places, from open places around oneself to every nook and corner where only air can go. It is immaterial if the virus stays in air or not, the agnihotra laden air pervades everywhere around the place where it is done, by which the virus settled on the items you have bought or delivered at your home are getting deactivated.

WHO also has acknowledged that airborne transmission is possible in specific circumstances and settings - such settings include hospital environments where affliction rate is high among health workers and self quarantines at home. On seeing my video, someone wrote why not we initiate this Homa everyday in all the hospitals, particularity where covid patients are treated. Similarly if this homa is done at quarantine centres and at self quarantines, the probability of a family member catching the virus is practically nil.

Instead of protecting oneself after getting afflicted, it is better to start doing this at everyone's home, twice a day so that the home surrounding remains sanitised continuously. Nowadays, work at office had started, people had to venture out for various reasons. On coming back home we only wash out hands and feet and leave the things that we brought, untouched. The regular agnihotra chemicals in the air will destroy whatever virus or bacteria clinging on the materials we bring from outside, besides those settled on our body, cloths etc.

Once you start doing this Homa you will notice the difference within your house within a month. All spiders, mosquitoes, lizards, cockroaches - the visible organisms around us will be gone. I find any sudden intruding bee, or wasp or mosquito fainting down. But this happens over continuous agnihotra.

So I suggest doing this at home, at office premises and at hospitals. Added an update at the end of the article on agnihotra's ability to stop haemolytic activity of Covid 19.

மணிகண்டன்.பா said...

Thank you Madam for the clarification. There is no harm in trying out our own ancient technique. I am amazed at your research & compilation skills which hardly people have nowadays.Good job.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

Thanks Mr Manikandan.

woven said...

thanks for the information. i have understood the necessities required for the homa. also watched other videos that says Dried twigs are not required.

anybody provides training for the same. please help. i would like to talk to you via mobile. please provide your email address so that i can send my phone number.

thanks again

Jayasree Saranathan said...

@ woven,

Use of twigs recommended by the researchers who did the experiment.

No training as such is needed. We saw the demonstration and started doing at home. The demonstration in the video, same as the one we saw and continue to do, would help I think.

Any queries can be asked here. I will reply.

Unknown said...

@Smt Jayasree:

I came across this commentary on Agnihotra ritual linked to CoVID-19 elimination only last Sunday.

The thing that I am curious about is if regular practice of Agnihotra even affects fermentation of Idly batter, what is the mitigating or supplicating factor to allow for Idly fermentation to happen? Do you add any substance to that grinded Idly batter so that fermentation happens?

Also what about the fermentation of curd or butter milk? Do you add any other ingredient to allow it to happen if Agnihotra magnetism affects the yeast fermentation too?

Your pointers on these could be a lot helpful on dealing with the practical side of consumption needs.


Jayasree Saranathan said...


Batter non fermentation was noticed after years of non stop Agnihotra. Then I gave a break for 6 months in doing Agnihotra. When I started again I did it away from kitchen. Till then in a place near my kitchen. I never add any substance. No noticeable change in making curd. Usually it is said that the batter be mixed with bare hands. Yeast settled in our hands get mixed up with batter. I felt that my hands and my body were sanitised.

Then there was gap for a few years when I shifted to another place. I could not get pure ingredients and discontinued. I can make out from the smell of the Homa if the ingredients are pure. Again I started after I shifted to my current place. Here also not very pure, but I can say somewhat ok. Earlier I made the ghee myself. Initially made the cow dung cakes myself, but later got a milk seller who ensured pure cow dung cakes and Samiths. With pure stuff and non stop agnihotra for years natural sanitisation of my house might have happened.

Unknown said...

Thanks @Smt. Jayasree.

I infer then the fermentation process gets affected if both the performer of this ritual and the one who indulges in processing food items like batter, curd etc....the impact is more following years of continuous practice of this ritual.

About pure ghee and pure cowdung...I think that what is being sold at Organic shops is too costly....some even sell at Rs.650 per half kg pet of Desi cow ghee. With such constraints on affordability, currently I have sought to make use of the
packaged GRB branded labelled as Cow ghee. I bought the set from Giri Trading. From your note I infer since these are loaded with preservatives, some amount of purity gets lost.

By the way, can we wash these vessels overnight once ashes become cold? Somewhere one commentator had said they are not supposed to be washed. See, traditional treta-agni srauda havana are pre installed on floors. That is a different thing. So washing them is also difficult since one havan keeps burning continuously. What we indulge in being a condensed and derived formula, do such strictures apply?

Kindly clarify.


Jayasree Saranathan said...


Your 1st paragraph - I concur.

For cow dung cake you may approach go-shala. Presently I am getting from the goshala of a nearby temple.
Giri traders good for samith. Look for the name of the tree in the pack. Sometimes I happen to see assorted ones.
I buy Aavin butter and extract ghee from it. So less preservative. In sharada stores ( near Ayodhya Mandapam and Azhwar Thirunagar) they sell pure Homa ghee.
All these are of reasonable rate.

I wash the vessel once a day. I don’t remove the ashes overnight. Morning I dispose and do morning Homa in the same vessel. Afterwards I wash it. I read in one of the articles that the ash left in the pot has some good impact on the air.

Hope this helps.

Unknown said...

Thanks @Smt. Jayasree.


Unknown said...

@Smt. Jayasree,

In the website they have mentioned: if possible, please avoid moving the pyramid until the next time you prepare for Agnihotra.

This is quite difficult and challenging in a condominium where we are holed up and use the living room, in its full definition of use cases. As a result, keeping the pyramid at the same place undisturbed is difficult to practice due to practicality of space premium.

I take the pyramid away after the flames completely subside.

Please advise.


Jayasree Saranathan said...

@Sri Thandri,

Not Advised so in our case. As per research which you may access through the links I have given the effect is more within the immediate vicinity. As you go away the effect is less. And the overall effect lingers in the surroundings for 12 hours. May be due to this they had said not to disturb.

Any way for 30 feet radius the sanitisation by this homa happens and most of us have our houses within this range only. You may choose a central part of your house to do the Homa and do there regularly. First half an hour most sanitisation happens. So after few hours you may shift it to another place. Suggest not to disturb the ashes of evening Homa. I do so. I wash the Homa vessels few hours after morning Homa. No issue with washing this copper kund. These questions were raised by us too and advised this way.

Unknown said...

Thanks for these clarifications Smt. Jayasree.