I have been asked to speak on the subject which is fundamental to us. The subject is Hindutva or Hinduness as I would like to put it. I wish to deal with the subject broadly in three sections. Firstly, I wish to place before you the real relation between Hinduness and Hindus and what the word really connotes. Secondly, I would like to mention a few significant features of Hinduness. And finally, I will go into the secret of its astonishing tenacity to survive, strike and succeed.
The Undivided in the Divided
The Hindu has no quarrel with different Gods who are by themselves comrades-in-arms. There is no Jealous God in Hindu pantheon. On the contrary the Hindu rishi invokes through the mantra:
Here I remember the remarks of Khalil Jibran in his Sand And Foam, "Once in every hundred years Jesus of Nazareth meets Jesus of the Christian in a garden among the hills of Lebanon. And they talk long; and each time Jesus of Nazareth goes away saying to Jesus of the Christian 'My friend, I fear we shall never never agree.'' Compare this with the Vedic prayer. We will understand the uniqueness of Hinduness.
The vision of Hinduness is integral, not differential. As in the case of Gods it views humanity as one undivided whole. It is fully aware of the diversity around. It knows that on the face of this vast earth various types of people live, different are their languages, dissimilar are their customs, varied are their tastes, yet they are all earthlings destined to live together in peace and prosperity. The Hinduness sent forth this prayer to all the four corners of the world through its Vedic chant.