Hans Henrich Hock -I
A scholar lying through his teeth
- "Aryans" = Hindus
- Only "Aryans" are "Real Indians"
- Only Hindus are "Real Indians"
- I presented these three equations in my books.
- These equations in fact represent a complete summing up of everything written in my books.
- My book is the leading or most typical representative of the ideological agenda behind these three equations.
- His introduction (HOCK 2005:282-3) to the article presents a very reasonable stand: he points out that there can be "two very different approaches to the study of the Vedic tradition, or of any tradition": one approach is that of "somebody who already knows the truth [….] and is therefore able to characterize all those who do not agree as being blind to that truth", and the other is that of "scholars who consider truth to be their ultimate goal, but realize that truth is always conditional, to be superseded by better evidence or interpretation of evidence". Hock points out that "the problem with the first view as applied to scholarship is that its goal is to forestall all dissenting voices and that it therefore does not invite meaningful debate", and proceeds to give a very broad and reasonable description of how open and honest such a debate should be.
- He even-handedly takes up three Aryan Invasion interpretations and three Indian Origin interpretations from the Vedic texts, and cautions us at the very outset (HOCK 2005:283) that "the passages in question and their interpretation do not provide cogent support for the hypotheses they are supposed to support", while reasonably conceding that "this does not mean that either of the two theories is therefore invalidated. It merely means that the evidence in question is not sufficiently cogent to provide support for the respective hypothesis and therefore must be considered irrelevant. First of all, neither hypothesis rests solely on the evidence here examined; and it is in principle perfectly possible that other evidence can show one hypothesis to be superior to the other". He even reasonably concedes the possibility that "any new evidence or better interpretation would, in true scientific spirit, be able to overturn the so far victorious hypothesis", or that "in principle none of the currently available evidence stands up under scrutiny and that nevertheless, one or the other hypothesis was historically coreect, except that the evidence in its favour has not been preserved for us". [The Aryan Invasion arguments he debunks (HOCK 2005:283-292) are "Dialectal variation due to Dravidian influence", "Racial differences between āryas anddāsas/dasyus" and "Textual evidence for Aryan in-migration", and two of the Indian Origin arguments he debunks (HOCK 2005:295-303) are Astronomical evidence in the Kauşītakī Brāhmaņa for dating the Vedas?" and "Rig-Vedic astronomical evidence for dating the Vedas?" As I also place little or no credence on the "astronomical" arguments derived from Vedic texts, I find his arguments in all these respects perfectly reasonable. The third Indian Origin argument he claims to debunk is supposed to be an argument made by me in my first book. I will deal with this in the next section of this article].
- And in his conclusion to the article, he writes: "Personally, I feel that most of the evidence and arguments that have been offered in favor either of the Aryan In-Migration hypothesis or of the Out-of-India are inconclusive at closer examination" (HOCK 2005:303).