" ब्राह्मेण जैमिनिरूपन्यासादिभ्य”
- One school called Formalism states that any equation or logical statement exists only in the mind of the person who thinks about it. They have no reality in the outside world.
- The other school called Platonism says there is a real existence of logical and mathematical statements outside the person who conceives them. Mimamsa belongs to this school of thought, whereas Buddhism belongs to the first one.
Views of Prabhakara and Bhatta mimamsa schools on various tenets
We will take up only some common tenets and compare the views of both the schools.
Word versus sentence meaning
- Words do not directly designate any meanings in a sentence in isolation.
- Any meaning that arises is because it is connected with other words. This is called anvitābhidhāna, anvita = connected; abhidhā = denotation
- To understand the meanings of a sentence one does not need to grapple with individual words but based on the context to understand its meaning.
- Words are considered independent objects.
- To arrive at the meaning of a sentence one must know the meaning of each word.
- This is called abhihitānvaya
- Vedic interpretation
- The Shruti Principle, or the literal rule
- The Linga principle or Lakshana artha or context based meaning.
- The Vakya principle or syntactic re-arrangement of sentences. This includes sub rules like Anushanga(supplying of missing sentences or expressions), upa and apakarsha(Transferring of clauses across a sentence).
- Prakarana rule, making a reference to some other text for comparsion.
Application to Vedic interpretation.