Discrediting Brahmins thus started by branding them as not knowing the scriptures properly and twisting the scriptures to suit their whims. The British theorized that the Brahmins conspired to work against the locals and brought in Manu neethi and caste system to subjugate the masses. These Brahmins were not the original Brahmins of the Aryan stock but were the locals who fused with the Aryans and dominated others by putting themselves on top of everyone else. They also theorized that Hinduism as practiced by the Hindus of India was not the same as Aryan Vedism.
"Those who have made the subject their study, tell us that the Hindooism of the present day is as unlike the Hindooism of the Vedas" (2-a)
" Hindooism has been lowered from its purer type in order to meet the necessities knew nothing, but who have been adopted into the Hindoo system to win the goodwill and reconcile the superstition of a wild and devil-worshipping race, of the indigenous tribes among whom it made its home. Its pantheon has been crowded with elephant gods and bloodthirsty goddesses of whom the first Aryans " (2-b)
They visualized that a greedy group of Brahmins had worked for thousands of years to establish their supremacy by inventing the varna system and segregating all the people under some caste label.
" It is through this imitative faculty that the myth of the four castes, evolved in the first instance by some speculative Brāhman, and reproduced in the popular versions of the epics which the educated Hindu villager studies as diligently as the English rustic used to read his Bible, has attained its wide currency as the model to which Hindu society ought to conform, that it bears no relation to the actual facts of life is in the view of its adherents an irrelevant detail. It descends from remote antiquity, it has the sanction of the Brāhmans, it is an article of faith, and every one seeks to bring his own caste within one or other of the traditional classes." (3)
It never occurred to the writers of these theories how such a systematic subjugation by a small group of people (Brahmins were less in number – data given in the previous article) over a large area (the Indian sub continent) could take place over thousands of years. There must be a centralized authority to guide them – as in Vatican - if such things were to happen. There had never been a centralized authority of Hinduism in the past and even now! The only central authority of the Hindu system or rather the Vedic system is Dharma and not a person or an institution. The feeling must arise within oneself that one is answerable to Dharma. The violators will be given a fitting reply by Dharma (through Karmic cycle) while the adherents will realize their oneness with Dharma. People adhered to Dharma of the place, time and action.
Wherever they went in India, the British saw some semblance of adherence to this concept even among the people they called as aborigines and tribals. Ancestor- worship in the form of paying oblations which is a core concept of Hinduism was found among almost all tribes. The importance of this worship can be understood from the way Arjuna refused to fight with the Kauravas at the last minute. He reasoned that he did not want to become the cause for giving rise to a situation where ancestral worship could not be done due to destruction of families. (4)
But the British refused to see that the whole stock of people from any corner of India were similar in cultural traits – owing to a continued existence for long – a fact that has now been proved by genetic studies. Coupled with this was their belief that a majority of Indians were locals or Dravidians who had a different religion until the Aryans came and thrust Hindu religion on them. A common question by a colonial Britisher on seeing a tribal was what his religion was. No one in India knew what religion meant. But the people had said that they worshiped Shiva or Durga or Krishna or some deity. For the Britisher this was an impossible answer unless the Brahmins had dumped these gods down their throats.
The British faulted the census-questions and the enumerators for recording that the 'aborigines' and tribals' professed Hinduism and not an aboriginal or tribal religion. It was written in the Census Report of 1881,
"As the matter was put to me by a Brahmin accountant of a circle of forest villages, it stands thus:—'They do not call us in, perhaps to avoid expense, but if they were to call us to perform rites and repeat texts we should go.'" (7)
The reasons given by this Brahmin accountant comes with additional information that they (the Brahmins) had to oblige if they were called by the tribals or anyone to conduct the rituals. If it is true that that the Brahmins were casteist and were prejudiced against the so called lower castes, why should they go to their homes and conduct rituals for a fee? They could have as well kept a distance from them. The above reports were written in 1881 which means that until then there was no case of social segregation purportedly practiced by Brahmins.