This post is in continuation of the earlier one,
the 3-some faculties taken by the departed person
(namely agni, water and earth, containing speech, mind and prana respectively)
become identical with the 3 root forms, vasu, rudra and aditya.
exist in Nature as basal units.
Who are they? Why are they known as gods?
To answer this we must know who gods are or how gods exist.
For this, we must start from the very beginning of creation.
There was One and Only One in the beginning.
Logically and scientifically speaking, this universe and its beings can not have been formed from nothing.
Nothing can be created anew and nothing can be
destroyed to become null.
” I see this”.
This Brahman is identified as Narayana by many texts such as Upanishads.
The purpose of bringing in this talk on many gods finds its relevance here.
Because the three forms of pitrus,
known by names vasu, rudra, aditya
are none but the much simplified gods of the hierarchy assigned with specific faculties namely,
agni, water and earth respectively.
So whenever and wherever Brahman is mentioned
or equated with something,
it can be seen that this quality of Brahman is present in that.
Such a God mentioned by scriptures at the earthy level is Vaayu (Air)
The upansihadic prayer in those days in schools,
(before English education usurped it)
sham no bhavad Aryama.
Mithra, Varuna and Aryama are the 3-some gods at the basal level.
Aryama represents all the 3, vasu, rudra and aditya,
who are identifiable with the sapinda of the first level (parents),
the second level (grand parents)
and the third level (great grand parents).
(1) On name –form and works of Gods
(Chandogya - Part 6 )
Chapter II - Brahman: the Cause of the Universe
Chapter III — The Threefold Development
Chapter IV — The Threefold Development further explained
"Whatever appeared to be unknown they knew to be the combination of these three deities (i.e. colours). Now learn from me, my dear, how these three deities, when they reach man, become each of them tripartite.
On the colors of Vasu, Rudra and Aditya
Chandogya Chapter VI — Meditation on the Vasus
Chapter VII — Meditation on the Rudras
As long as the sun rises in the east and sets in the west, twice as long does it rise in the south and set in the north and just so long does he, like the Rudras, enjoy rulership and sovereignty
Chapter VIII — Meditation on the Adityas
(3) On the hierarchy of Gods from earthy level.
devyai ca tasyai janaka aatmajaayai |
namo astu rudra indra yama anilebhyo |
namo astu candra arka marud gaNebhyaH || “ 5-13-59