No Aryan - Dravidian divide - it was one Aryavartha - (2)
All that were considered to be of Aryan culture
were found as an innate culture of Tamil lands!
Worship of Gods was very much there in Tamil regions.
TarpaNam and pindodhaha kriya for departed ones were also done.
Varnashrama dharma was in vogue
and people of each
The Asrama dharma also followed in this land and
we have instances of even kings going on Vanaprastham.
Nimittha sashtram was in vogue.
It must be remembered that Ramayana also mentions nimitthas at many places.
Yajnas were regularly conducted.
This was apart from the regular yajnas done by Brahmins at their homes.
In the verse praising the Chera king who supplied food to the Kauravas in kurukshtra war
(mentioned in the previous blog)
the comparison between
on the basis of the yajnas!
The poet says that the deers seeking warmth as evening progresses,
come and rest near the yajna kundas
that are warm with the evening homa of 3-agnis (mutthee)
(The 3 agnis are ahavaneeyam, gaargapathyam and dakshinaagni.)
This is a common sight in both the
We must remember that this description is about a time
that is 5000 years ago from the present day.
(5000 years because,
the Kali yuga started after the Kuruskhethra war
and the computation of time has been maintained from then onwards
which shows that 5000 years had lapsed after the birth of Kali yuga.
The rationale of arriving at this computation will be discussed by me in a future write-up.)
Vedic rituals have been followed by all the 3 kings of Tamil land, namely,
Cholas, ChEras and PAndyas.
A chola king by name ‘
“chozhan Rajasooyam vEtta naRkiLLi”
A chera king by name ‘pal yaanai chengezhu kuttuvan"
who was ‘Imaya varamban thambi’
conducted a homa for the sake of the poet Gouthamanaar,
who sang in praise of him in Padhittru-p-patthu.
In return for the praises by the poet,
the king obliged to conduct a yajna –
for making the poet and his wife reach Swarga!!!
The JyothistOmena yajna
which was done by kings of very olden times such as Dhasharatha
was conducted by the Cheran king and
wonder of wonders,
it has been recorded in Tamil texts that
on completion of this homa,
the poet and his wife vanished from mortal coils and were taken to Heaven!
Such kind of description does not exist even in Sanskrit texts.
It shows that the yajna was done in the best way so as to grant the result immediately.
There existed a Pandya king, called ‘mudu kudumi
who was honoured with a title “pal yaaga shaalai” and was known as
“Pal yaaga shaalai Mudu kudumi
He was credited with having conducted numerous yajnas, that he got this title.
The verse in praise of him talk about the ‘yupa’ posts that were established
‘after’ the completion of yajnas.
This is a crucial information because
even Sanskrit texts are not clear about the posts (yupa)
apparently meant for ‘bali’ (sacrifice).
In the Ashwa yajna done by Dhasharatha before the Puthra kameshti yajna,
Valmiki Ramayana says that 300 sacrificial posts were established.
The different animals and birds that were tied in them also are mentioned.
But the description is not clear about whether the animals were killed or not.
The general impression among the people of today is that animals tied to these posts
were killed as a rule.
But we are depending on the translations which may be flawed.
I say this because
I find in the description in the verse on “Pal yaaga shaalai Mudu kudumi
a different news
that the posts were established after the homas were over,
as though it is done to indicate
that it was a yaaga shaala
or that a homa had got over!
At another verse too, in purananUru
the description of a yajna is given.
It says 7 forest cows and 7 country cows (7 kaattu pashu and 7 naattu pashu)
were selected and brought to the yajna bhoomi,
to get their abundant produce.
The produce is explained as ghee produced from their milk.
Such kind of detailed versions are available in ancient Tamil texts which indicate
that vedic rituals were very much part of this land from times of yore.
I say ‘from times of yore’ with a reason.
This “Pal yaaga shaalai Mudu kudumi
lived 5000 years ago!
And the verses in praise of him reveal a stunning fact from the annals of history
that tells us how this country was one Aryavartha
and the so-called Dravidian divide was not an Aryan creation
but a logical development of a history of survival against the odds of Nature!
(to be continued)