Tuesday, January 29, 2008

He is not IYAN Thiruvalluvan, he is ARYAN Thiruvalluvan!

No Aryan - Dravidian divide - it was one Aryavartha - (7)

This statement may seem chauvinistic to some,

but a patient and thorough analysis of ThirukkuraL

will tell us that Thiruvalluvar has extolled Aryan values only.

The application of Thirukkural’s value system

to the life and rule of the kings in ancient Tamil nadu also reveals

that those kings have lived up to be Aryan in essence.

Continuing the analysis of what makes one Aryan or SaandrOn,

we can see that Thiruvalluvar has characterized

‘piranil vizhaiyaamai ’ (not desiring another man’s wife)

as a virtue of SaandrOn!

In the chapter on ‘piranil vizhaiyaamai’ (chapter 15),

he has said,

“piran mania nOkkaadha pEraaNmai SaandrOrkku aRan”

Not to desire another man’s wife is the DHARMA for SaandrOn.

The very first verse in that chapter

(“ piran poruLaal pettozhugum pEdhamai gyaalatthu

aram poruL kaNdaar ka Nil”)

reiterates our contention that

the one fixed in Aram and pOruL (dharma and arttha / karma)

will not desire another man’s wife!

Whatever he has described of this ‘saandrOn’

is identical to

whatever is regarded as Aryan in Sanskrit.

According to KuraL the saandrOn will

# do his duty

# have compassion, humility, complacence, mercy, kindness and truthfulness.

# not expect anything in return for the good he has done to others ,

# be non-violent , will not kill

# not find fault with others

# be humble to the extent that this quality will change the attitude of his adversary for good

# accept defeat and not pass on the blame on others

# help those in need

# not be poor in goodness

# be balanced and steadfast and not waver under any circumstance.

This ultimate quality makes one “sthitha prajgyan”

according to Bhagavad Gita.

Such a person will consider both victory and defeat with equanimity.

This is the ultimate aim of human endeavour.

This quality was gone in Arjuna when he refused to fight.

Such a tendency made him Non-Aryan, according to Krishna.

It is ‘Anaaryam’.

The same concept is promoted by Thiruvalluvar

by the name ‘saandraaNmai’

and the Aryan as ‘saandrOn’

It was the wish of every mother in Tamil nadu

To see that her son grows to become an Aryan!

“eendra pozhudhil peridhu vuvakkum

than maganai

saandrOne ena –k- kEtta thai”

The moment of extreme happiness for the mother

is not the moment of the birth of her son.

It is the moment when she hears others

celebrate him as SaandrOn” or Aryan!!!

It must be noted that Thiruvalluvar could have used other terms

in the place of saandrOn,

such as

‘arinjan’ (intelligent)

‘arulOn’ (kindness)

‘paNbhaan’ (one with good character)

‘poraiyOn’ (one with patience)

‘eedhalan’ (the one who gives)

‘isaiyOn’ (one who is famous)

‘valiyOn’ (one who is strong)

‘periyOn’ ( great man)

But he used ‘sandrOn’ which encompasses all the above qualities

and even more such ones.

This shows how the values enshrined in that term Aryan

was dear to the people of this land of Tamils

Nothing else can prove convincingly

that Tamil nadu was also part of Aryavartha!

Such being the case,

it is ridiculous to hear people hate this term.

It is all the more ridiculous to see people who swear by Thiruvalluvar

to say that they don’t like Aryanism and that they are against Aryanism.

It is nothing but the height of ignorance to say this

and also consider in the same breath that

the ancient Tamils were not Aryan.

Let me quote Thiruvalluvar himself.

We can prove that he was very much Aryan

and he propagated nothing but Aryan values in his master piece.

Even Tamil scholars have accepted that Thirukkural is “utthara vedam

which means Upanishads!

Thirukkural is Tamil Vedam (thamizh maRai)

Three of he 4 purushaarthas of Vedantha namely,

Dharma, karma, kaama and mOksha are explained by it

as Aram, poruL and inbham.

The 4th one was left out because,

adherence to the first three will take one to the 4th one

which is Moksha (veedu in Tamil) or the Ultimate Release.

Thiruvalluvar has sequenced the chapters in such a way

as to give continuity and connectivity to each of the issue

that is discussed.

In the 1 st group on Dharma,

he has placed the chapter on Destiny (oozh or vidhi)

as the ultimate one.


He has accepted the role of destiny in a person’s life

and by placing it at the end of the group on Aram (dharma)

and by the explanations on destiny,

he has reinforced the vedic concept

that destiny ultimately decides the outcome ,

come whatever may be one’s effort or action.

This view is also the concealed interpretation of

the famous Bhagavd Gita exposition

that we have control over only our actions ,

and not on the results of the actions.

(karmaNi eva adhikaarasthE maaphalEshu..)

So the last chapter of the Aratthu-p-paal (group on dharma)

is the teaching of Gita!

Not only that

Even the first verse of the entire body of ThirukkraL is

about the A-kaara Brahamn!

(agara mudala ezhutthu)

The aadhi bhagavan is again the Vedic god Bhagavan

having 6 qualities called ‘bhaga’

namely supremacy, valor, renown, auspiciousness,

knowledge, and detachment.

At many places Thiruvalluvar brings in the concept of Devas

and has even compared the knowledge by hearing (kELvi)

to the havis (offerings) to Devas.

Such persons are like devas.

A number of connections from Vedas, vyakaranas, habits of the vedic people etc

can be quoted from ThirukkuraL.

Thiruvalluvar who has never quoted any specific god by name,

has indeed quoted one by implication

and another god by his name.

The one he has indicated by implication is Rama!

In kuraL 773,

he has said that the Height of Manliness (pEraaNmai)

is that of showing mercy to the bitter rival in battle,

when that rival is low in spirits.

The crucial version implying Rama comes now.

Thiruvalluvar says that

this is what is being said of PeraaNmai (Height of Manliness)”.

This means that this episode must have been coming down the ages

and the PEraaNami also as one of the highest virtues

which can not be handled by anyone other than Rama!

Another God he has quoted is Thrivikrama in kuraL 610

He has named him as “adiyaLandhaan

“madiyilaa mannavan yeidhum adiyaLAndhaan

thaaya dhella morungu”

That king who is not at lethargic will get

what the AdiyaLAndhaan got by his steps.

The AdiyaLAndhaan got this world and heavens by his 2 steps

and the greatness as the Lord of this universe by his 3rd step.

Such worlds will be gotten by that king who is not lethargic.

Lord Thrivikrama

or the symbolism behind the avatar of Thrivikrama,

seems to have inspired Thiruvalluvar

in a very astounding way.

If not, why should he have used the 2 -stepped kuraL,

which is not a widely used form for composition?

He has aptly chosen the 2-stepped KuraL,

to express the rules of Dharma, Karma and Kaama,

the adherence to which will lead one to finish the third step too,

which is nothing but Moksha or Ultimate Release!

The above quoted KuraL (610)

looks like a self-made inference

or a sort of self-comment by himself, on his work,

in that

by the 2 steps of the KuraL,

he has conquered

and helps the followers of KuraL to conquer

what "AdiyaLandhaan" had done -

that of conquering this world and the heavens -

of conquering life in this world and the life after!!!

The crux of the issue is that

ThirukkuraL extols Aryan culture and

that the culture of Tamils also was Aryan.

And this can be best understood by the way he has named the chapters.

The final division of Thirukkural is called Adhikaaram.

The division is into 3

by naming them as ‘paal’ on 3 purushaarthas,

which are divided into Iyal,

and which are further divided into Adhikaaram.

Paal and Iyal are Tamil words while, Adhikaaram is a sanskrit word!

Thiruvalluvar found a Tamil equivalent for Aryan (as SaandrOn),

but did not name a Tamil Equivalent for Adikaaram!!

It is because of the uniqueness of the kind of Adhikaaram

that Thiruvalluvar wanted to convey.

Adhikaaram means ‘rule’ in usual understanding in Tamil,

but it also means ‘chapter’ in sanskrit.

But Adikaaram by its derivation means “adhikaritthal” (increasing)

implying that the control or rule or influence will increase.

What is this increasing control?

According Sanskrit lexicon, Adikaaram can be of 2 types,

“yatho-dEsa paksham” and “kaarya kaala paksham”

In the former case, yatho-dEsa paksham,

the rule or influence of the king will be spread by itself.

The king does not make any special effort or law

nor appoint any enforcing authority

to spread his rule or to make everyone in his country obey the rules.

The dissemination is automatic and natural

and the influence reaches far and wide on its own.

In the other case, “kaarya kaala paksham”,

The king appoints persons who will see to it

that the rule is enforced throughout his kingdom.

The best example to understand this adhikaaram is

King Ashoka’s efforts to spread Buddhism.

But the message spread by ThirukkuraL does not need any agency to spread it,

because it was the message of Aryan culture,

the Sanatanadharma

as practiced by anyone who qualified as Aryan in behaviour.

This existed and

spread by itself by the yatho-dEsa paksham!

That is why Thiruvalluvar coined this term for his basic division.

By choosing this term Adhikaaram as the basic unit of division

of rule book-like Constitution, which is what ThirukkuraL is,

he has succinctly made it known

that the values incorporated in Thirkkural spreads on it own

everywhere in this land and in this entire world!

The message of Universal Truth will spread like that.

The Universal truth he has said is the Tamilised version of

Vedanta and Sanatana Dharma,

of Aryan Culture.

Aryanism and sanatana dharma go hand in hand in that

an Aryan is the follower of Sanatana dharma

and sanatana dharma lives as long as an Aryan lives.

This message is again given by Thirvalluvar only

in his last verse in the Adhikaaram on “SaadraaNami” that

when the SaandrOn loses his saandraaNmai, the earth will perish!

The day when no one person lives as an Aryan,

on that day this earth will perish.

Until then this, world will go on.

and Aryan will live in some person,

or any person from any corner of this world.

When such is the greatness of Aryan,

it is not only ridiculous but also distressing to see

misguided persons (particularly of Tamil speaking origin)

claim that they hate Aryan

and refuse to accept

that their ancestors were the best custodians of Aryan culture

and lived as Aryans to the core.

The fear of Aryan is unfounded.

The hatred for Aryans also is uncalled for.

If we fear so or hate so,

it means, we the Tamils are fearing ourselves and hating ourselves.

Our past is nothing short of Aryanism.

It is high time, the Tamil scholars re-visit

the ancient Tamil works and Thirukkuaral

with an open mind.

They will know that we are Aryans in this land of Aryavartha

(to be continued)


VSK said...

Nice one!
Could you pl. give specific quotes of KuRaL couplets which has a direct reference to a Vedic quote? Thanks.

I am curious to know the parallel between these two.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

The parallels have already been written in other posts. The links are given below.



Starting from a-kaaram in the 'agara mudal yezhutthu' every kural is about sanatana dharma only. Parimel Azhagar's urai is helpful in understanding this.

Anonymous said...

worst thing i had ever read in life do start comparing aryan with any tamilian it is like comparing pig to a tiger . sanron mean who never eats from others money, or occupies others land, or cunningly uses others languages to there names


Unknown said...

Exactly thamilan...I don't understand where the connection between Aryan and Sandrone comes here...such stupid article.

Jayasree Saranathan said...

Thalilian and Arul,

Don't comment without reading the links I have given.

Excerpted from the link http://jayasreesaranathan.blogspot.in/2008/01/no-aryan-dravidian-divide-it-was-one_3029.html

In kuraL 118, Thiruvalluvar speaks of this balanced nature as that of a ‘balance’

that is the jewel of ‘saandrOr’.

(“saman seidhu seer thookkum kOl pOl amaindhoru paal

kOdaamai saandrOrkku aNi”)

Aryan is one who is balanced. Read those links to know what is Aryan and how that is same as Sandranmai.

A small hint for instant understanding.

You know what is Aryakkootthu?
Ariyak kootthaadinalum kaariyatthil kaN
It is the balancing act on a rope.

The same balancing act in any situation and in thought, word and deed is sandranmai. It is also Aryam.

Read the links I have given. Also search this blog for Aryan and you will come to know a lot.
Or to begin with I suggest you to read my recent blog
"6. Pāzhi- Pāli- Māgadhā - Shāka Dweepa connection known from Tamil texts."


Original Proto Tamil, also known as Manushya Basha contained ungrammatised Tamil and Sanskrit words. They were segregated into grammatic Tamil and refined Sanskrit separately.

Proto Tamil is what remains now as Pali.

Read all the articles in that series which is going to continue for more than a year.